Overjoyed

With an obscure meaning of being too happy, overjoyed does come from the verb “overjoy” – to transport with gladness.

  • 12.018 Balin was overjoyed to see the hobbit again,

“overjoy, v.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2015. Web. 14 July 2015.

“overjoyed, adj.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2015. Web. 14 July 2015.

Overhear

Apparently the Old English meaning of “overhear” was to not pay attention to something you heard, as in “disobey”.  Our hobbit is the only character who overhears in the novel, by the modern usage “to hear without the speaker intending you should do so”.

  • 01.097 if I have overheard words that you were saying.
  • 09.013 to overhear some of the guards talking
  • 19.006 for he overheard the words of the wizard to Elrond.

“over-, prefix.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2015. Web. 14 July 2015.

“overhear, v.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2015. Web. 14 July 2015.

Overgrow

King Alfred used this word in his treatise on Pastoral Care in Old English about 1200 years ago!  His spelling is recorded as “ofergreow”.  I learn from the OED that the over-prefix can have spatial or temporal connotations.

  • 07.130 was overgrown and disused at the eastern end

“over-, prefix.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2015. Web. 14 July 2015.

“overgrow, v.” OED Online. Oxford University Press, June 2015. Web. 14 July 2015.