Months

Though the adventure begins in 2941, April 25 and ends 2942, June 2 , there are only three named months in the work: April, May, and June.

My mother knew a sibb of triplets named April, May, and June.

Thank you to the LotR Project for the timeline! I might quibble with the dates in late 2941, however because “last moon of autumn on the threshhold of winter” [03.047], but they might have more nformation about lunar eccentricies than my back of the envelope calculation — the detail is that the sun and moon are in the sky together which is not guaranteed on any particular full moon, though it is usually so. Of course is it a full moon that is implied? Ahhhh, calendars. They are like warm baths.

April • 1.071 it was April –
April • 1.128 And Thrain your father went away on the twenty-first of April,
May • 2.026 just before May,
May • 2.028 Mostly it had been as good as May can be,
June • 2.029 “To think it will soon be June!” grumbled Bilbo,
June • 3.016 in June
June • 3.025 in June under the stars,
May • 8.047 since they started their journey that May morning long ago.
June • 11.012 Only in June they had been guests
May • 16.026 under the clock on his mantelpiece in May!
May • 19.001 It was on May the first
June • 19.027 for now June had brought summer,
June • 19.03 And through the merry flowers of June,
June • 19.036 on June the Twenty-second

Know

Common word, commonly used.

Update one week later: I have resisted for a full week any reference to Sir Terry Pratchett’s magnificent created word “Knowlessman” (from Guards! Guards!). Apparently the word has wandered all over fandoms and tropes. Just magnificent. I was searching because I kind of hoped to find it was actually an obsolete word. Nope, Pratchett just had the knack of inventing words that rang with archaism. What I did find, however, was “knowness”, acknowledgement, a darned rare word with the flavor of “this bag of coin right here that I am handing you is my knowness, because I certainly wouldn’t be handing coin over to just anyone who claimed they were my lord.”

• 1.004 Now you know enough to go on with.
• 1.015 I don’t think I know your name?’
• 1.016 and I do know your name,
• 1.016 And you do know my name,
• 1.033 but he liked to know them before they arrived,
• 1.033 he knew his duty
• 1.058 Seems to know as much
• 1.091 well known to us all.
• 1.092 without telling any one there anything that was not known already.
• 1.103 And I know where Mirkwood is,
• 1.106 but how do we know that it is secret any longer?
• 1.106 to find out anything there is to know about those caves.’
• 1.111 we don’t know without going to see.
• 1.115 if I know anything about the roads East,’
• 1.119 First I should like to know
• 1.121 Also I should like to know about risks,
• 1.123 you know,
• 1.123 Indeed they hardly know a good bit of work from a bad,
• 1.123 What goes on there now I don’t know for certain,
• 1.124 in the proper time I should know.
• 1.125 which only they knew about.
• 1.125 and I should like to know how Gandalf got hold of it,
• 1.132 How he got there I don’t know,
• 1.140 And well, don’t you know,
• 2.038 “These parts are none too well known,
• 2.048 Bilbo knew it.
• 2.053 “Lumme, if I knows!
• 2.072 knew what was happening,
• 2.089 I’d like to know.”
• 2.106 for trolls, as you probably know,
• 2.115 we shall know more about them.”
• 2.126 So now you know.
• 3.006 as some of you may know.
• 3.009 who seemed to know his way about pretty well.
• 3.016 No knowing, no knowing
• 3.016 No knowing, no knowing
• 3.025 with these people that seemed to know his names
• 3.025 Elves know a lot
• 3.025 and know what is going on among the peoples of the land,
• 3.035 Elrond knew all about runes of every kind.
• 3.043 until goodness knows when.
• 3.047 said Thorin, “is as all should know
• 4.002 Bilbo knew there lay his own country of safe
• 4.003 and he knew how evil
• 4.003 and Gandalf was a wise enough wizard to know it.
• 4.004 He knew that something unexpected might happen,
• 4.004 You know how terrific a really big thunderstorm can be
• 4.007 “Well, if you know of anywhere better,
• 4.010 who knew that caves up
• 4.011 though everybody knew they could not have been long about it;
• 4.012 you don’t know how far they go back, sometimes,
• 4.014 goodness knows where to.
• 4.017 but the goblins knew their way,
• 4.030 in fact I should like to know all about you.
• 4.030 I know too much about your folk already;
• 4.031 not quite knowing what to say all at once
• 4.033 They knew the sword at once.
• 4.042 and no knowing quite where we are,
• 4.044 and these goblins knew the way better
• 5.002 but he did not know it.
• 5.004 Goodness knows what the striking of matches
• 5.009 All he knew was that it was still going down pretty steadily
• 5.009 as he knew by the glimmer of his sword,
• 5.009 I do not know how long he kept on like this,
• 5.010 He did not know whether it was just a pool
• 5.011 goodness only knows how many years ago,
• 5.012 I don’t know where he came from,
• 5.019 and I don’t know where I am;
• 5.019 and I don’t want to know,
• 5.031 and Gollum knew the answer as well as you do.
• 5.047 I imagine you know the answer,
• 5.056 and that he ought to know it,
• 5.077 He knew,
• 5.084 of which Bilbo knew nothing,
• 5.087 But who knows how Gollum came by that present,
• 5.098 As far as Bilbo knew,
• 5.114 We can’t know till we find the nassty creature
• 5.114 But it doesn’t know
• 5.114 It doesn’t know,
• 5.114 It doesn’t know the way out.
• 5.115 It knows.
• 5.115 It knows a way in,
• 5.115 it must know a way out, yes.
• 5.129 had he known it,
• 5.133 not knowing that even the big ones,
• 6.001 but he did not know where he was.
• 6.008 The dwarves wanted to know
• 6.012 as you know quite well,
• 6.015 Oh, just crept along, you know –
• 6.019 Then they wanted to know all about his adventures
• 6.020 He thought I really knew the way out,
• 6.025 He wanted to know how the wizard had turned up again,
• 6.030 The rest we all know –
• 6.030 except that Gandalf knew all about the back-door,
• 6.030 As a matter of fact it was well known to anybody
• 6.050 but he knew that noise.
• 6.069 to know what was afoot;
• 6.088 Now I know what a piece of bacon feels like
• 6.089 because the bacon knows
• 6.094 and the eagle-lord appeared to know one another slightly,
• 7.008 answered Gandalf, who knew the correct reply.
• 7.012 and you don’t know where you are.
• 7.012 But there is somebody that I know of,
• 7.016 and he knows it well.’
• 7.017 Who knows it?’
• 7.018 or heaven knows what will happen.
• 7.020 If you must know more,
• 7.040 Well, now I know who you are,
• 7.082 in the old days he had known the very part of the mountains
• 7.085 and they know it.’
• 7.095 for they knew
• 7.118 Bilbo thought he knew what the wizard meant.
• 7.123 you would take the word of no one that you did not know
• 7.126 I know,
• 7.141 Then they knew
• 8.010 for by now they knew Bilbo had the sharpest eyes among them.
• 8.035 Yet if they had known more about it
• 8.035 they would have known that they were at last drawing towards the eastern edge,
• 8.036 But they did not know this,
• 8.103 though I don’t suppose they knew what it was,
• 8.104 he knew,
• 8.104 and before the spider knew what was happening it felt his sting
• 8.125 They knew only too well that they would soon all have been dead,
• 8.125 Knowing the truth about the vanishing
• 8.127 Now I know!
• 8.133 All this was well known to every dwarf,
• 8.138 I don’t know,
• 9.003 and neither he nor the others knew where they had started from anyway.
• 9.009 I have a right to know
• 9.010 until one at least of them was willing to tell him all he wanted to know.
• 9.011 and indeed he did not know where
• 9.013 and after a time he got to know his way about very well.
• 9.027 and know what Bilbo was going to do,
• 9.028 goodness knows where the king will put you next,
• 9.037 as Bilbo knew,
• 9.051 He did not know the way by land
• 9.053 Back to lands you once did know!
• 9.053 Back to lands you once did know!
• 9.054 and not knowing what else to do,
• 9.062 and he knew now only too well what it was
• 10.004 if he had known that news of this had reached Gandalf far away
• 10.004 But Bilbo did not know it.
• 10.005 All he knew was that the river seemed to go on
• 10.006 Only from the map did Bilbo know that away up there,
• 10.036 Indeed such excitement had not been known
• 10.036 They did not know of course how Thorin had escaped,
• 10.040 Still, I daresay, more was guessed than was known,
• 10.040 In any case the king knew now the dwarves’ errand,
• 10.043 and there is no knowing what a dwarf will not dare
• 11.004 They knew that they were drawing near to the end of their journey,
• 11.027 I might have known that something dreadful
• 12.003 and he knew what he was driving at.
• 12.020 but they know it to an ounce as a rule,
• 12.041 but it was not so bad now he knew,
• 12.041 Had he known more about dragons
• 12.058 since you know all about Bilbo’s adventures
• 12.062 I know the smell
• 12.062 and not know it!
• 12.065 You don’t know everything,
• 12.067 I don’t know if it has occurred to you that,
• 12.067 and he knew his guesses were not far out,
• 12.076 He did not know
• 12.081 especially wanting to know
• 12.087 I am sure he knows we came
• 12.089 to know of the bare patch
• 12.091 Smaug knows now how I came down to his hall,
• 12.093 I don’t know,
• 12.093 I don’t know –
• 12.094 for no one knew whether or how they could get it open again
• 12.095 We knew it would be a desperate venture,’
• 12.095 and we know that still;
• 12.103 I don’t know your smell,
• 13.005 when I knew there was a dragon at the other end,
• 13.012 and found that he did not know
• 13.018 but they did not know the reason.
• 13.032 I don’t know.
• 13.043 Thorin knew every passage
• 13.053 And I think I know which way we should go:
• 13.059 I would give a good breakfast to know.
• 13.064 (If you want to know what cram is,
• 13.064 I can only say that I don’t know the recipe;
• 14.006 the only king under the Mountain we have ever known.’
• 14.018 though they knew his worth
• 14.040 and already knew much of what had happened.
• 15.010 I knew many among the ravens of the rocks
• 15.014 but he was well known to you once.
• 15.028 and by that time they knew
• 16.022 if you want to know.
• 16.022 I know your king well by sight,
• 16.022 though perhaps he doesn’t know me to look at.
• 16.026 Really you know,’
• 16.027 However you don’t know Thorin Oakenshield
• 16.039 don’t you know.
• 17.036 whatever they may know of battle
• 17.044 Not even the ravens knew of their coming
• 17.044 How much Gandalf knew cannot be said,
• 17.066 and knew no more.
• 18.019 in you of good than you know,
• 18.022 no one knew how or from where.
• 18.036 I don’t know.
• 18.036 And I don’t know what I should have done with it
• 18.048 don’t you know,’
• 19.005 Most of the tale he knew,
• 19.005 when a part of the story which he did not yet know came in.
• 19.028 were as well known to him as his hands
• 19.032 And trees and hills they long have known.
• 7.082 and sit down!
• 7.082 and of their scramble down the stone-slide
• 7.084 when the goblins came down from the hills
• 7.099 The wind came down from mountains cold,
• 7.106 which was peering down through the smoke-hole
• 7.108 and had rolled down with a bump from the platform on to the floor.
• 7.118 and the goblins down here?
• 7.13 their path would have led them down a stream from the mountains
• 7.13 and though here the Mountains too drew down nearer,
• 7.153 and rode down into the West.
• 8.002 stabbed down thin
• 8.004 There was no movement of air down under the forest-roof,
• 8.005 And sometimes they would gleam down
• 8.007 before they managed to bring one down
• 8.015 which is low just there where the path goes down into the water.’
• 8.021 before it floated off down the current.
• 8.028 Since it did not fall down again,
• 8.03 when the hart bore down on him,
• 8.037 A few leaves came rustling down
• 8.041 and how he was going to get down again
• 8.043 who were now simply stamping with impatience down below,
• 8.043 there was no food to go back to down below.
• 8.044 and he climbed down full of despair.
• 8.048 he sat down
• 8.05 before they lay down
• 8.05 and that he wanted to lie down
• 8.06 but to settle down for the night where they were;
• 8.068 as he lay down beside the dwarves
• 8.074 So he sat himself down with his back to a tree,
• 8.075 and then he fell down
• 8.097 Down you drop!
• 8.104 if a spider had not luckily left a rope hanging down;
• 8.112 and fell down the tree
• 8.113 Come down!
• 8.113 Come down!’
• 8.114 Down the dwarves scrambled or jumped or dropped,
• 8.12 and throwing down their long clinging threads.
• 9.002 and sat down
• 9.003 There the great beeches came right down to the bank,
• 9.018 There the rocky roof came down
• 9.02 to a place far down the river where the bank jutted out,
• 9.022 The guards were tramping away down the passages
• 9.025 and sat down at a table on which two large flagons were set.
• 9.03 far down
• 9.035 and they calmed down.
• 9.035 down into the lowest cellars they crept.
• 9.037 some elves were under orders to come down
• 9.041 I have no wish to waste time down here
• 9.044 and waiting down here,
• 9.049 roll-roll-rolling down the hole!
• 9.049 Down they go, down they bump!
• 9.049 Down they go, down they bump!
• 9.05 but down they all went,
• 9.05 and bobbing away down the current.
• 9.053 Down the swift dark stream you go
• 9.053 Down the swift dark stream you go
• 9.054 Down into the water he fell,
• 9.06 and twisted off down the stream,
• 9.061 flowing down
• 9.064 and there was a merry racket down by the river.
• 9.064 down the stream to Lake-town.
• 9.064 He scrambled down as fast as his stiff legs would take him
• 9.068 and went sailing away down,
• 9.068 down towards the Lake.
• 10.001 that came down upon their left.
• 10.006 the Running River came down
• 10.01 if they could have seen what happened down by the shore,
• 10.013 but they lay down
• 10.024 lay down your arms!’
• 10.028 going down to the surface of the lake.
• 10.038 coming down the river to Lake-town.
• 10.042 It would not do to let everything cool down with delay.
• 10.045 from the great steps of the town-hall that went down to the lake.
• 11.002 making off swiftly down the river
• 11.014 down the valley
• 11.014 Looking down they saw that they were at the top of the cliff
• 11.014 and were gazing down on to their own camp below.
• 11.015 “and then at evening began their long climb down.
[11.016]”
• 11.016 The others went down the valley
• 11.017 Down the same way they were able occasionally
• 11.026 till they hang down the cliff to the valley
• 11.028 some were exercising the ponies down below,
• 11.038 in and down.
• 12.008 he crept noiselessly down,
• 12.008 down, down into the dark.
• 12.008 down, down into the dark.
• 12.01 right ahead down there?’
• 12.011 down there
• 12.017 than when he was going down,
• 12.019 from far down
• 12.02 and cowered down in fright.
• 12.02 from far above that came down through it
• 12.024 they are down
• 12.027 at any moment he might come blazing down
• 12.031 They crept further down the tunnel,
• 12.04 and will creep down this very noon –
• 12.041 down into the Mountain.
• 12.042 soon faded as he went down.
• 12.059 I haven’t been down that way
• 12.081 right down to the skin.
• 12.091 Smaug knows now how I came down to his hall,
• 12.094 and down the tunnel.
• 12.094 not far down from the half-open door
• 12.101 They had hardly gone any distance down the tunnel
• 12.101 They fled further down the tunnel
• 12.102 down the wind
• 13.005 I am going down the tunnel once again.
• 13.005 Anyway the only way out is down.
• 13.008 Down, down they went.
• 13.008 Down, down they went.
• 13.015 when Bilbo fell forward down the step with a bump into the hall,
• 13.019 At last he looked down upon it,
• 13.022 Down the other side of the great mound he climbed,
• 13.035 Now the dwarves took down mail
• 13.039 and sat down on the floor;
• 13.043 and went down wide echoing ways,
• 13.049 and foamed down towards the valley.
• 13.055 But look down there!
• 13.059 I hope he is not up on the Mountain looking down at us!’
• 13.071 and some threw themselves down at once
• 14.002 the Running River came down from the North.
• 14.011 was thrown down
• 14.014 Then down he swooped
• 14.015 as he hurtled down
• 14.015 and smashed down.
• 14.016 Weapons were flung down.
• 14.016 and burned down to the surface of the lake.
• 14.018 down the Running River from the ruin long ago.
• 14.023 and dived down
• 14.023 and crashed down from on high
• 14.025 and down the wind came the voices
• 14.032 and down with Moneybags,’
• 14.033 What sort of gold have they sent down the river to reward us?
• 14.042 he hastened now down the river to the Long Lake.
• 14.043 sent down from the Forest.
• 15.027 far down the banks
• 15.034 and to go down
• 15.053 laying down your arms before you approach the threshold.’
• 16.016 slipped down over the wall,
• 16.017 and climbed down towards the lower course of the stream,
• 16.046 and then he sat down on the wall
• 17.016 Put him down,
• 17.02 Get down now to your friends!’
• 17.02 or I will throw you down.’
• 17.022 Get down!’
• 17.026 And so Bilbo was swung down from the wall,
• 17.032 and there they laid down their weapons
• 17.044 ready to sweep down
• 17.05 a thousand of their spearmen leapt down
• 17.052 back down the river to escape from the trap;
• 17.053 and others were streaming down recklessly,
• 17.053 by paths that ran down from the main mass
• 17.056 Rocks were hurled down from on high
• 17.056 leapt down to the falls’ foot,
• 17.058 Down, heedless of order,
• 17.058 Down too came many of the Lake-men,
• 17.059 were being slowly beaten down.
• 17.061 or driven down
• 17.064 The eagles were coming down the wind,
• 18.012 I will carry you down to the camp
• 18.013 It was not long before Bilbo was set down before a tent
• 18.021 they had come speeding down the gale
• 18.021 or driving them down shrieking
• 18.024 and pulled down Bolg himself
• 19.001 As they rode down the steep path,
• 19.001 and as soon as the riders came down
• 19.043 and down the Running River;

Jolly

It’s a common enough English word, but not used overmuch in The Hobbit. An etymological mystery: Jolly from Old French jolif, but is that from Norse jól (from which, English Yule)?

• 3.015 the valley is jolly,
• 3.017 To stay would be jolly
• 4.024 including a jolly sturdy little white fellow
• 7.122 Beorn was most jolly for a change;

Valley

Valley — quite simply a variation on “vale,” the low bit between two high bits.

• 1.116 in the valley there,
• 1.122 up the Running River as far as the valley
• 2.030 for it began to get dark as they went down into a deep valley with a river at the bottom.
• 2.046 for a nice bit o’ fat valley mutton like what this is.”
• 3.006 is the fair valley of Rivendell
• 3.007 and no valleys and no hills
• 3.008 They came on unexpected valleys,
• 3.011 They saw a valley far below.
• 3.012 into the secret valley of Rivendell.
• 3.014 in the valley!
• 3.015 the valley is jolly,
• 3.016 down into the valley
• 3.022 “Welcome to the valley!” he said.
• 3.029 “Valleys have ears,
• 3.033 Evil things did not come into that valley.
• 4.002 out of the valley
• 4.004 and valleys where no king ruled.
• 4.005 with a dreadful fall into a dim valley at one side of them.
• 4.005 he saw that across the valley the stone-giants were out,
• 5.146 into a narrow valley between tall mountains;
• 6.003 out of the little high valley,
• 6.041 from the deeper darker forests of the valleys below.
• 6.062 in the valleys
• 6.063 and would take news of their plans down into the valleys,
• 7.002 in the valleys
• 8.039 in a valley
• 8.044 was standing near the bottom of a wide valley,
• 10.006 a great deep rocky valley.
• 11.006 after winding a wide loop over the valley of Dale,
• 11.006 in the wide valley
• 11.007 and all the sheltered valley rich
• 11.013 They moved their camp then to a long valley,
• 11.013 somewhere high above the cliff at the valley’s head
• 11.014 down the valley
• 11.014 at the valley’s head
• 11.016 The others went down the valley
• 11.026 till they hang down the cliff to the valley
• 11.027 I don’t think I could bear to see the unhappy valley of Dale again,
• 12.024 in the valley!’
• 12.032 from the valley where the ponies had been standing;
• 12.101 over the cliff into the valley below.
• 13.049 and foamed down towards the valley.
• 13.051 the arms of the Mountain into the valley,
• 15.030 They must have come into the valley
• 15.031 come up to the valley’s head
• 15.044 and marching up the valley.
• 16.005 in the valley.
• 17.032 coming up the valley at a great pace.
• 17.044 and valley,
• 17.045 Their only hope was to lure the goblins into the valley
• 17.048 in rage into the valley,
• 17.050 in the valley,
• 17.051 there rose from across the valley a deep-throated roar.
• 17.054 in the valley.
• 17.057 in the valley.
• 17.058 in the valley;
• 17.059 And as the valley widened his onset grew ever slower.
• 17.065 and it echoed across the valley.
• 18.003 Looking into the valley he could see no living goblins.
• 18.012 in the valley,’
• 18.021 and men on either side of the valley
• 18.025 in the valley
• 19.001 to the brink of the valley of Rivendell,
• 19.002 Come back to the valley!
• 19.003 Come back to the Valley.
• 19.004 Come back to the Valley,
• 19.005 Then the elves of the valley came out
• 19.018 with the elves of the valley.
• 19.019 Even as they left the valley
• 19.043 and all the valley had become tilled again

Chapter Five Hyphenated Words

Chapter Five (1951) includes twenty-six hyphenated words, used thirty-two times.  Tolkien invented fourteen of them, used nineteen times, over half, either way you count. Thank you, internet, for being my lab notebook.

• back-door
• bat-wing*
• birthday-present
• blind-man’s-buff*
• blood-curdling
• door-post•
• drip-drip-dripping*
• egg-question*
• fish-bones*
• flip-flapping*
• four-legs*
• goblin-guards*
• goblin-wars*
• half-imagined*
• hiding-place
• lamp-like*
• no-legs*
• one-leg*
• out-of-doors*
• riddle-game*
• side-passages
• three-legs*
• to-do*
• tunnel-wall
• two-legs*

The asterisks indicate which words were also used in 1937. In Chapter five in that edition is also:

• good-bye [1937.05.096] and said good-bye to the nasty miserable creature;

I am fascinated that “birthday present” from 1937 gained a hyphen when it was re-envisioned in 1951.

Down

A word so evenly distributed – reading down this list is like a fast-forward scroll through the microfiche, bringing the whole story into clear, quick focus:

• 1.001 with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat:
• 1.002 sloping down to the river.
• 1.005 in fact apparently settled down immovably.
• 1.006 that reached nearly down to his woolly toes
• 1.006 He had not been down that way under The Hill for ages
• 1.007 hung down below his waist,
• 1.010 sit down
• 1.010 Then Bilbo sat down on a seat by his door,
• 1.024 unless he put them down on his Engagement Tablet:
• 1.037 Bilbo plumped down the beer
• 1.043 I really must sit down for a minute
• 1.046 The poor little hobbit sat down
• 1.066 Send them down the hall to roll!
• 1.072 and the fire died down,
• 1.088 and sat down
• 1.093 as they sat down again.
• 1.094 and went down a rabbit-hole,
• 1.123 Then he came down the slopes
• 1.124 and down the lands,
• 1.125 and why it did not come down to me,
• 2.002 In fact he was just sitting down
• 2.019 and running as fast as his furry feet could carry him down the lane,
• 2.030 Somewhere behind the grey clouds the sun must have gone down,
• 2.030 for it began to get dark as they went down into a deep valley with a river at the bottom.
• 2.030 came rushing down from the hills
• 2.038 Then the rain began to pour down worse than ever,
• 2.046 since we come down from the mountains.
• 2.072 and he was down.
• 2.075 and he was down.
• 2.080 and down to his toes.
• 2.107 and helped Bilbo to climb down out of a thorn-bush.
• 2.125 It was they who told me that three of them had come down
• 3.001 down very near to them.
• 3.008 and they looked down surprised to see trees below them
• 3.010 so suddenly that Gandalf’s horse nearly slipped down the slope.
• 3.012 in the dusk down the steep zig-zag path
• 3.012 down and down.
• 3.012 down and down.
• 3.014 here down
• 3.016 down into the valley
• 3.021 as ridiculous as the one I have written down
• 3.049 and then they went down to the water
• 4.002 Boulders, too, at times came galloping down the mountain-sides,
• 4.003 “The summer is getting on down below,”
• 4.003 before we even begin to go down the other side at this rate.”
• 4.004 down in the land
• 4.005 and tossing them down into the darkness
• 4.005 and their ponies were standing with their heads down
• 4.014 – beginning to fall down, down,
• 4.014 – beginning to fall down, down,
• 4.017 and the way went down
• 4.017 and down,
• 4.019 And down down to Goblin-town
• 4.019 And down down to Goblin-town
• 4.038 down more dark passages with the yells of the goblin-hall
• 4.040 and by that time they must have been right down
• 4.045 and down on Bombur’s back.
• 4.046 down his nose
• 5.002 but neither up nor down it could he find anything:
• 5.002 but sat down on the cold floor
• 5.009 All he knew was that it was still going down pretty steadily
• 5.009 and down
• 5.009 and down;
• 5.012 Deep down here by the dark water
• 5.012 if they ever came down alone anywhere near the edge of the water,
• 5.012 for they had a feeling that something unpleasant was lurking down there,
• 5.012 down at the very roots of the mountain.
• 5.012 when they were tunnelling down long ago,
• 5.022 and crept down, down,
• 5.022 and crept down, down,
• 5.055 And beats high mountain down.
• 5.058 He sat down
• 5.09 It sent a shiver down his back.
• 5.104 back up the dark passage down which he had come,
• 5.108 down to Gollum’s water.
• 5.112 Suddenly Gollum sat down
• 5.12 as Bilbo had noticed on the way down,
• 5.122 As the count grew he slowed down,
• 5.124 Goblinses down there.
• 5.127 He seemed to be crouched right down
• 5.13 sped off down the new tunnel.
• 5.134 Soon the passage that had been sloping down
• 5.134 That slowed Bilbo down.
• 5.134 and dipped down again,
• 5.146 there were a few steps running down
• 5.148 leaping down the steps like a goat,
• 5.149 Of course they soon came down after him,
• 6.003 and down the slopes beyond;
• 6.012 and helter-skelter down here.
• 6.013 said Bilbo stepping down into the middle of them,
• 6.019 and he sat down
• 6.02 And then he sat down
• 6.02 and ran down to the gate.’
• 6.028 and there he sat down
• 6.034 and come right down through the heart of the mountains,
• 6.04 When they began to go down this,
• 6.04 soon larger bits of split stone went clattering down
• 6.04 crashing down with a dust
• 6.042 will have a job to come down here quietly.’
• 6.043 bouncing down on our heads.’
• 6.045 and over the black tops of those growing lower down
• 6.045 down the gentle slopes of a pine forest
• 6.049 All of a sudden they heard a howl away down hill,
• 6.052 with their beards dangling down,
• 6.054 said Nori to Dori looking down.
• 6.055 said Dori, ‘down tunnels
• 6.056 for Dori was lowest down
• 6.057 even when he climbed down to the bottom branch
• 6.057 and hung his arm down as far as ever he could.
• 6.058 Still Dori did not let Bilbo down.
• 6.062 cutting down trees,
• 6.063 and would take news of their plans down into the valleys,
• 6.063 goblin soldiers would be coming down from the mountains;
• 6.063 or cut them down.
• 6.064 and threw it whizzing down among the circle of the wolves.
• 6.065 and they fled off down the slopes crying
• 6.067 and looked down upon the ring of the Wargs,
• 6.067 down the hillsides from their gate
• 6.069 and round they came down,
• 6.069 down, down towards the ring of the wolves
• 6.069 down, down towards the ring of the wolves
• 6.07 Dreadful things had been going on down there.
• 6.071 Some of them actually sat down
• 6.075 Come down little birds,
• 6.08 as he got ready to spring down from on high
• 6.08 as he came hurtling down like a thunderbolt.
• 6.081 the Lord of the Eagles swept down from above,
• 6.082 and down they came like huge black shadows.
• 6.086 when he looked down between his dangling toes
• 6.093 Very soon Bilbo was laid down,
• 6.093 There was no path down on to it save by flying;
• 6.093 and no path down off it except by jumping over a precipice.
• 6.094 and setting them down well on their journey
• 6.099 Gandalf, too, was lying down
• 7.001 So he sat down
• 7.005 for they began to go down circling round
• 7.006 and set down their passengers.
• 7.01 and a well worn path with many steps leading down it to the river,
• 7.012 unless they have come here since I was last down this way,
• 7.014 and down the lines of the wide-armed oaks
• 7.024 and down dale they plodded.
• 7.032 and went down a wide track towards the house.
• 7.034 in a tunic of wool down to his knees,
• 7.035 put down his axe
• 7.038 stooping down to frown
• 7.066 Sit down,
• 7.07 and then sit down
• 7.075 I followed down into the main hall,
• 7.078 Sit down
• 7.082 and sit down!
• 7.082 and of their scramble down the stone-slide
• 7.084 when the goblins came down from the hills
• 7.099 The wind came down from mountains cold,
• 7.106 which was peering down through the smoke-hole
• 7.108 and had rolled down with a bump from the platform on to the floor.
• 7.118 and the goblins down here?
• 7.13 their path would have led them down a stream from the mountains
• 7.13 and though here the Mountains too drew down nearer,
• 7.153 and rode down into the West.
• 8.002 stabbed down thin
• 8.004 There was no movement of air down under the forest-roof,
• 8.005 And sometimes they would gleam down
• 8.007 before they managed to bring one down
• 8.015 which is low just there where the path goes down into the water.’
• 8.021 before it floated off down the current.
• 8.028 Since it did not fall down again,
• 8.03 when the hart bore down on him,
• 8.037 A few leaves came rustling down
• 8.041 and how he was going to get down again
• 8.043 who were now simply stamping with impatience down below,
• 8.043 there was no food to go back to down below.
• 8.044 and he climbed down full of despair.
• 8.048 he sat down
• 8.05 before they lay down
• 8.05 and that he wanted to lie down
• 8.06 but to settle down for the night where they were;
• 8.068 as he lay down beside the dwarves
• 8.074 So he sat himself down with his back to a tree,
• 8.075 and then he fell down
• 8.097 Down you drop!
• 8.104 if a spider had not luckily left a rope hanging down;
• 8.112 and fell down the tree
• 8.113 Come down!
• 8.113 Come down!’
• 8.114 Down the dwarves scrambled or jumped or dropped,
• 8.12 and throwing down their long clinging threads.
• 9.002 and sat down
• 9.003 There the great beeches came right down to the bank,
• 9.018 There the rocky roof came down
• 9.02 to a place far down the river where the bank jutted out,
• 9.022 The guards were tramping away down the passages
• 9.025 and sat down at a table on which two large flagons were set.
• 9.03 far down
• 9.035 and they calmed down.
• 9.035 down into the lowest cellars they crept.
• 9.037 some elves were under orders to come down
• 9.041 I have no wish to waste time down here
• 9.044 and waiting down here,
• 9.049 roll-roll-rolling down the hole!
• 9.049 Down they go, down they bump!
• 9.049 Down they go, down they bump!
• 9.05 but down they all went,
• 9.05 and bobbing away down the current.
• 9.053 Down the swift dark stream you go
• 9.053 Down the swift dark stream you go
• 9.054 Down into the water he fell,
• 9.06 and twisted off down the stream,
• 9.061 flowing down
• 9.064 and there was a merry racket down by the river.
• 9.064 down the stream to Lake-town.
• 9.064 He scrambled down as fast as his stiff legs would take him
• 9.068 and went sailing away down,
• 9.068 down towards the Lake.
• 10.001 that came down upon their left.
• 10.006 the Running River came down
• 10.01 if they could have seen what happened down by the shore,
• 10.013 but they lay down
• 10.024 lay down your arms!’
• 10.028 going down to the surface of the lake.
• 10.038 coming down the river to Lake-town.
• 10.042 It would not do to let everything cool down with delay.
• 10.045 from the great steps of the town-hall that went down to the lake.
• 11.002 making off swiftly down the river
• 11.014 down the valley
• 11.014 Looking down they saw that they were at the top of the cliff
• 11.014 and were gazing down on to their own camp below.
• 11.015 “and then at evening began their long climb down.
[11.016]”
• 11.016 The others went down the valley
• 11.017 Down the same way they were able occasionally
• 11.026 till they hang down the cliff to the valley
• 11.028 some were exercising the ponies down below,
• 11.038 in and down.
• 12.008 he crept noiselessly down,
• 12.008 down, down into the dark.
• 12.008 down, down into the dark.
• 12.01 right ahead down there?’
• 12.011 down there
• 12.017 than when he was going down,
• 12.019 from far down
• 12.02 and cowered down in fright.
• 12.02 from far above that came down through it
• 12.024 they are down
• 12.027 at any moment he might come blazing down
• 12.031 They crept further down the tunnel,
• 12.04 and will creep down this very noon –
• 12.041 down into the Mountain.
• 12.042 soon faded as he went down.
• 12.059 I haven’t been down that way
• 12.081 right down to the skin.
• 12.091 Smaug knows now how I came down to his hall,
• 12.094 and down the tunnel.
• 12.094 not far down from the half-open door
• 12.101 They had hardly gone any distance down the tunnel
• 12.101 They fled further down the tunnel
• 12.102 down the wind
• 13.005 I am going down the tunnel once again.
• 13.005 Anyway the only way out is down.
• 13.008 Down, down they went.
• 13.008 Down, down they went.
• 13.015 when Bilbo fell forward down the step with a bump into the hall,
• 13.019 At last he looked down upon it,
• 13.022 Down the other side of the great mound he climbed,
• 13.035 Now the dwarves took down mail
• 13.039 and sat down on the floor;
• 13.043 and went down wide echoing ways,
• 13.049 and foamed down towards the valley.
• 13.055 But look down there!
• 13.059 I hope he is not up on the Mountain looking down at us!’
• 13.071 and some threw themselves down at once
• 14.002 the Running River came down from the North.
• 14.011 was thrown down
• 14.014 Then down he swooped
• 14.015 as he hurtled down
• 14.015 and smashed down.
• 14.016 Weapons were flung down.
• 14.016 and burned down to the surface of the lake.
• 14.018 down the Running River from the ruin long ago.
• 14.023 and dived down
• 14.023 and crashed down from on high
• 14.025 and down the wind came the voices
• 14.032 and down with Moneybags,’
• 14.033 What sort of gold have they sent down the river to reward us?
• 14.042 he hastened now down the river to the Long Lake.
• 14.043 sent down from the Forest.
• 15.027 far down the banks
• 15.034 and to go down
• 15.053 laying down your arms before you approach the threshold.’
• 16.016 slipped down over the wall,
• 16.017 and climbed down towards the lower course of the stream,
• 16.046 and then he sat down on the wall
• 17.016 Put him down,
• 17.02 Get down now to your friends!’
• 17.02 or I will throw you down.’
• 17.022 Get down!’
• 17.026 And so Bilbo was swung down from the wall,
• 17.032 and there they laid down their weapons
• 17.044 ready to sweep down
• 17.05 a thousand of their spearmen leapt down
• 17.052 back down the river to escape from the trap;
• 17.053 and others were streaming down recklessly,
• 17.053 by paths that ran down from the main mass
• 17.056 Rocks were hurled down from on high
• 17.056 leapt down to the falls’ foot,
• 17.058 Down, heedless of order,
• 17.058 Down too came many of the Lake-men,
• 17.059 were being slowly beaten down.
• 17.061 or driven down
• 17.064 The eagles were coming down the wind,
• 18.012 I will carry you down to the camp
• 18.013 It was not long before Bilbo was set down before a tent
• 18.021 they had come speeding down the gale
• 18.021 or driving them down shrieking
• 18.024 and pulled down Bolg himself
• 19.001 As they rode down the steep path,
• 19.001 and as soon as the riders came down
• 19.043 and down the Running River;

Flow

The word “Flow” is only used nineteen times in the work, but four of those times — over 20% — is in poetry! Let us give “Flow” a 20% poetry rating!

• 3.014 The river is flowing!
• 3.025 as quick as water flows,
• 3.026 It was flowing fast
• 8.008 It flowed fast
• 8.132 and flowed on
• 9.003 The water flowed dark and swift
• 9.018 A stream flowed under part of the lowest regions of the palace,
• 9.020 where the Forest River flowed into the Long Lake.
• 9.061 flowing down
• 10.001 the deepest stream had flowed lapping
• 10.002 but still a strong water flowed on steadily through the midst.
• 10.003 that flowed east;
• 10.008 and gold would flow
• 10.035 His wealth shall flow in fountains
• 11.006 flowing swift
• 11.038 It seemed as if darkness flowed out like a vapour
• 13.048 and it flowed swirling
• 19.002 The white water flowing,
• 19.004 The river is flowing,

River

I have been reminded by The Tolkien Professor that features of the landscape of Middle-earth can be characters.

In addition to river-door, river-shore, river-toll, river-valley, and riverside, let’s keep our eye on the simple rivers of Bilbo’s home and adventure. The word “river” apparently descends from the word for the land beside the flowing water thing.

• 1.002 sloping down to the river.
• 1.004 the small river that ran at the foot of The Hill.
• 1.116 up along the River Running,’
• 1.116 The river runs right out of it
• 1.122 up the Running River as far as the valley
• 1.123 The river rushed up
• 2.030 for it began to get dark as they went down into a deep valley with a river at the bottom.
• 2.030 for the river,
• 2.035 He got into the river before they could catch him;
• 2.117 not far from the track by the river,
• 3.001 One morning they forded a river
• 3.014 The river is flowing!
• 3.026 and so at last to the very brink of the river.
• 3.040 and the burned banks of the bright River Running.
• 5.011 and not an underground river,
• 5.036 in a bank by a river,
• 5.045 and sitting under the river bank teaching his grandmother,
• 7.005 and a river running through it all.
• 7.010 and a well worn path with many steps leading down it to the river,
• 7.014 in the river,
• 7.117 except from the west over the river,
• 7.117 There they disappeared into the river,
• 7.117 where the river was wide
• 7.122 He had been over the river
• 7.130 that joined the great river miles south of the Carrock.
• 7.130 to the borders of the Great River,
• 7.131 will not dare to cross the Great River
• 7.131 they will cross the river to the south
• 7.132 and in the distance the line of the river with its trees drawing ever closer.
• 8.132 a river ran out of the heights of the forest
• 9.003 that led across the river
• 9.018 and joined the Forest River some way further to the east,
• 9.018 right to the bed of the river to prevent anyone coming
• 9.019 and other goods came up the rivers,
• 9.019 From Lake-town the barrels were brought up the Forest River.
• 9.020 to a place far down the river where the bank jutted out,
• 9.020 where the Forest River flowed into the Long Lake.
• 9.048 is pushed into the river for the Lake-men to feast on for nothing!’
• 9.061 The dark river opened suddenly wide,
• 9.061 and there it was joined to the main water of the Forest River
• 9.061 Then the hurrying water of the Forest River
• 9.064 and there was a merry racket down by the river.
• 10.001 After a while the river rounded a steep shoulder of land
• 10.002 filled with the waters of the river which broke up
• 10.003 and the growth of the traffic on the river,
• 10.003 about the upkeep of the Forest River
• 10.003 only the river offered any longer a safe way
• 10.003 and the river was guarded by the Wood-elves’ king.
• 10.005 All he knew was that the river seemed to go on
• 10.005 the river took a more southerly course
• 10.005 the river gathered all its wandering waters together
• 10.006 the Running River came down
• 10.006 and with the Forest River
• 10.007 Not far from the mouth of the Forest River
• 10.007 protected from the swirl of the entering river
• 10.007 that came up the great river from the South
• 10.008 in rivers,
• 10.009 out of the current of the Forest River
• 10.035 And the rivers golden run.
• 10.038 coming down the river to Lake-town.
• 10.040 up the Forest River with their cargoes,
• 11.001 and passed out into the River Running,
• 11.001 some miles up the river,
• 11.002 making off swiftly down the river
• 11.003 slanting away from the River Running,
• 11.006 There the river,
• 11.008 They did not dare to follow the river
• 11.008 Out of it the waters of the Running River sprang;
• 11.013 where the Gates of the river stood,
• 11.016 as they had brought with them from the river.
• 12.030 back to the river with Smaug on the watch!’
• 12.032 that men had come up from the river and the lake
• 12.039 to go back to the store by the river
• 12.104 towards the Running River.
• 13.047 There is the birth of the Running River,’
• 13.055 The river loops suddenly east
• 13.064 on the left side of the river,
• 13.065 and left the river,
• 14.002 the Running River came down from the North.
• 14.008 his rivers golden run!
• 14.008 The river is running gold from the Mountain!’
• 14.018 down the Running River from the ruin long ago.
• 14.033 What sort of gold have they sent down the river to reward us?
• 14.039 up the river to the Forest
• 14.042 he hastened now down the river to the Long Lake.
• 15.027 of the Running River,
• 15.030 under the cover of dusk along both banks of the river.’
• 15.033 That day the camp was moved to the east of the river,
• 15.044 was seen crossing the river,
• 16.002 is worth more than a river of gold
• 16.037 He values it above a river of gold.
• 17.032 They halted between the river
• 17.032 and crossing the river drew near the camp;
• 17.033 and the loop of the river;
• 17.052 back down the river to escape from the trap;
• 18.024 They drove many of them into the Running River,
• 18.024 they hunted into the marshes about the Forest River;
• 18.043 to the north of the place where the Forest River ran out.
• 19.004 The river is flowing,
• 19.012 The river is silver, the shadows are fleeting;
• 19.023 They came to the river that marked the very edge
• 19.024 in the river,
• 19.034 and passed the mill by the river
• 19.043 and down the Running River;
• 19.045 in his day the rivers run with gold.’

Shoe

As of this date, the Areni-1 shoe is the oldest piece of footwear found, identified, and dated. Shout-out to the National Geographic Society for being part of that find in Armenia. “Shoe” is a common word, included here since it’s present in a poem. Because I’ve been working with an unlemmatized list, the uncommon past participle “shod” can also be found under its own listing in the concordance.

• 1.004 wear no shoes,
• 3.014 “Your ponies need shoeing!”
• 4.049 and they slipped on soft shoes,
• 17.031 and they were shod with iron,