Tramp

And of course this one is related to another of our words, trample. Makes me wonder if I should pull them into one entry.

• 1.081 The dwarves, they heard the tramp of doom.
• 9.022 The guards were tramping away down the passages
• 12.03 unless any one fancies tramping the long open miles

Frail

Friends, today’s word has made me so happy. It means many things including:

A kind of basket made of rushes, used for packing figs, raisins, etc.; the quantity of raisins, etc. (30 to 75 lbs.) contained in this.

“frail, n.1.” OED Online, Oxford University Press, June 2020, http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/74131. Accessed 31 July 2020.

And it’s only used once!

• 1.080 Laid low their towers and houses frail.

House

Such a wonderful word has, as you can imagine, many, many variant forms, a whole hatful of scribal errors of variant forms, and all kinds of connections to other northern European languages. Here’s a beautiful, beautiful tidbit:

The plural form houses is the only current example of a distinct plural form preserving the voicing of intervocalic s in standard English

“house, n.1 and int.” OED Online, Oxford University Press, June 2020, http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/88886. Accessed 30 July 2020.

• 1.058 had not come right into his house.
• 1.080 Laid low their towers and houses frail.
• 1.090 in the house of our friend
• 1.095 I should have been sure we had come to the wrong house.
• 1.097 and I am quite sure you have come to the wrong house.
• 1.099 Just let any one say I chose the wrong man or the wrong house,
• 2.039 such as might lead to a house or a farm;
• 3.006 in the Last Homely House.
• 3.007 to find the Last Homely House west of the Mountains.
• 3.008 for they saw now that the house might be hidden
• 3.024 and to the house beyond.
• 3.030 to the Last Homely House,
• 3.031 in that good house,
• 3.032 The master of the house was an elf-friend –
• 3.032 and Elrond the master of the house was their chief.
• 3.033 His house was perfect,
• 3.034 in that house.
• 4.002 and left the Last Homely House miles behind,
• 6.100 But all night he dreamed of his own house
• 7.022 again as long as you are within a hundred miles of his house,
• 7.023 and has a great wooden house;
• 7.031 and a long low wooden house.
• 7.032 and went down a wide track towards the house.
• 7.034 three walls of which were formed by the wooden house
• 7.044 that opened out of the courtyard into the house.
• 7.051 and Dori came round the house
• 7.088 He never invited people into his house,
• 7.088 and he never invited more than a couple of these to his house at a time.
• 7.094 since they left the Last Homely House
• 7.096 with the pillars of the house standing tall behind them,
• 7.125 and they followed round the house.
• 7.127 and my house is open to you,
• 7.131 nor to come near my house –
• 7.132 and Beorn’s house
• 8.004 who liked holes to make a house
• 8.047 The last thing that he remembered was the party at the hobbit’s house,
• 8.132 and had houses or huts on the ground
• 9.012 burgling the same house
• 10.028 on which were built the greater houses,
• 10.037 and housed
• 10.037 A large house was given up to Thorin
• 11.006 the grey ruins of ancient houses, towers, and walls.
• 11.012 in the fair house of Elrond,
• 12.004 he meant last spring before he left his own house,
• 14.015 and the roof of the Great House crumbled
• 14.015 and another house
• 14.018 that held their ground among the burning houses.
• 14.025 and ruined houses.
• 14.039 and housing.
• 14.040 in his wooden house,
• 17.010 But how came you by the heirloom of my house –
• 17.019 the treasure of my house.
• 18.051 to the doors of Beorn’s house;
• 19.001 Homely House.
• 19.005 and led them across the water to the house of Elrond.
• 19.005 in the house of Beorn;
• 19.017 in the house of Elrond,’
• 19.018 in that house,

Tower

Just a few:

• 1.080 Laid low their towers and houses frail.
• 4.035 into a tower of blue glowing smoke,
• 7.036 and towering tall above Gandalf.
• 7.151 overlooked by his dark tower!
• 11.001 towering grim
• 11.006 the grey ruins of ancient houses, towers, and walls.
• 19.011 “And bright are the windows of Night in her tower.”

Low

We have included the adjective, the adverb, the verb relevant to cattle noises and “lower”, the verb relevant to Kili being lowered down and hauled up to give the news.

• 1.027 and ‘Dwalin at your service!’ he said with a low bow.
• 1.080 Laid low their towers and houses frail.
• 1.105 That marks a hidden passage to the Lower Halls.’
• 1.124 often enough sinking as low as blacksmith-work or even coalmining.
• 3.012 The air grew warmer as they got lower,
• 4.012 you found a low arch
• 5.035 “But in low place
Not in high place.'”
• 5.122 At last he stopped by a low opening,
• 5.129 on the low arch of the passage.
• 5.133 The passage was low
• 5.133 A bit low for goblins,
• 5.133 go along at a great speed stooping low with their hands almost on the ground.
• 6.004 and low trees.
• 6.012 out of the lower door,
• 6.03 as the goblins called the lower gate,
• 6.041 and swung themselves into lower branches,
• 6.045 and over the black tops of those growing lower down
• 6.052 hunting for those that had branches fairly low,
• 6.056 for Dori was lowest down
• 6.079 the lower branches cracked.
• 7.031 and a cluster of low wooden buildings,
• 7.031 and a long low wooden house.
• 7.051 and stood bowing low before them.
• 7.069 and bowed so low that their beards swept the stone floor.
• 7.079 the discovery of the lower gate,
• 7.092 in low brackets
• 7.093 These were very low,
• 7.093 low enough even for Bilbo to sit at comfortably.
• 7.093 and he probably had them low like the tables
• 7.093 and low enough even for Bilbo;
• 7.106 The fire burned low
• 8.003 in the lower branches on either side of them.
• 8.007 in fact already beginning to get low.
• 8.015 which is low just there where the path goes down into the water.’
• 8.041 but they hoisted him up into the lowest branches
• 9.018 A stream flowed under part of the lowest regions of the palace,
• 9.035 down into the lowest cellars they crept.
• 9.057 in the gloom seemed pretty low
• 10.030 at the lower end
• 11.013 and walled with lower spurs of the Mountain.
• 11.014 in the lower part,
• 11.017 to lower one of the more active dwarves,
• 11.019 They spoke low
• 11.032 The sun sank lower
• 11.032 and lower,
• 11.032 Then suddenly when their hope was lowest
• 12.013 but his fires were low
• 12.042 as he drew near the lower door.
• 12.072 I laid low the warriors of old
• 12.092 Why has not Smaug blocked the lower end,
• 14.002 was mostly screened by the low hills
• 14.008 in the low place
• 14.021 flying low,
• 14.023 The dragon swooped once more lower than ever,
• 15.028 they had contrived a small low arch under the new wall;
• 16.017 and climbed down towards the lower course of the stream,
• 17.046 flying lower,
• 17.048 in its lower slopes
• 18.023 about their lords upon a low rounded hill.
• 18.039 Then the dwarves bowed low before their Gate,
• 19.001 into the lower glades of the wood

Fierce

Fierce, related to “feral”, comes from meanings abut wildness – sometimes its use indicates a positive thing, sometimes negative, but always strong and out of control. In heraldry a “fierce” means the same as a “pale” (the vertical line named after the weapon, not the lack of color from our previous entry!)

• 1.080 The dragon’s ire more fierce than fire
• 1.083 a fierce and a jealous love,
• 1.093 as fierce as a dragon
• 1.095 It is all very well for Gandalf to talk about this hobbit being fierce,
• 1.096 and breakfast to be thought fierce.
• 1.096 it almost made him really fierce.
• 4.038 “Follow me quick!” said a voice fierce
• 5.023 whether he was fierce or hungry,
• 6.07 and fierce as the flames.
• 7.023 and hives of great fierce bees,
• 7.122 and they were fiercely angry
• 7.123 he chuckled fiercely to himself.
• 7.125 Beorn was a fierce enemy.
• 8.076 and much fiercer
• 12.022 in fierce whistling steam,
• 12.032 and the little high-walled bay had kept out his fiercest flames.
• 13.032 and he may become fierce.
• 14.023 so fierce was its flight.
• 14.028 and a fierce light was

Pale

Friends, I think you’ll also be intrigued by these uses – “Pale” means everything from “youthful” to “corpselike”.

• 1.050 and a pale green one;
• 1.073 To seek the pale enchanted gold.
• 1.080 And men looked up with faces pale;
• 4.038 A pale light was leading them on.
• 5.005 It shone pale
• 5.012 except for two big round pale eyes
• 5.012 He was looking out of his pale lamp-like eyes for blind fish,
• 5.013 with his pale eyes like telescopes.
• 5.016 and he suddenly saw the pale eyes sticking out at him.
• 5.101 the light of his eyes burned with a pale flame.
• 5.108 Bilbo could see the light of his eyes palely shining
• 5.134 but a pale out-of-doors sort of light.
• 6.087 The pale peaks of the mountains
• 8.005 were horrible pale bulbous sort of eyes.
• 8.036 and herbs with pale leaves
• 11.029 as if the light caught the last pale leaves.
• 11.029 and there pale
• 11.030 its pale yellow breast freckled with dark spots.
• 12.007 in a pale sky barred with black
• 12.014 and his long pale belly crusted with gems
• 12.031 until dawn came pale through the crack of the door.
• 13.009 there was a pale white glint,
• 13.048 A misty sun sent its pale light
• 13.049 They flung their pale torches to the ground,
• 15.031 The morning was still pale
• 18.053 snow yet unmelted was gleaming pale.

Face

It’s a noun, it’s a verb, and it’s related to “fact”!

• 1.004 good-natured faces,
• 1.058 in the face,
• 1.080 And men looked up with faces pale;
• 1.097 As soon as I saw your funny faces on the door-step,
• 2.043 from the great heavy faces of them,
• 2.079 in Thorin’s face.
• 3.033 in face as an elf-lord,
• 5.012 in his thin face.
• 5.035 in a blue face
• 5.035 Saw an eye in a green face.
• 6.082 their talons tore at goblin faces.
• 7.032 and looked at them intently with very intelligent faces;
• 7.045 It faced south
• 8.004 and longed for the feel of wind on their faces.
• 8.033 Bombur slept on with a smile on his fat face,
• 8.043 and on his face;
• 8.071 and their faces
• 9.035 still happily snoring with smiles upon their faces.
• 9.035 There would be a different expression on the face of the chief guard next day,
• 11.014 which turned north across the face of the Mountain.
• 11.019 in the smooth face of the rock
• 12.008 but his little face was set
• 13.002 I must feel the wind on my face soon or die.
• 13.009 There he lay face downwards on the floor
• 13.023 and brushed his face.
• 13.050 and to feel the wind on my face.
• 13.066 but backed to the North by a rocky face
• 14.028 his black hair hung wet over his face
• 15.046 and grim of face,
• 17.031 and their faces were grim.
• 17.059 facing every way,
• 19.020 as the rain beat into his face.
• 19.027 He mopped his face with a red silk handkerchief –

Look

In all cases as far as my eyes can see, it is used as a verb in The Hobbit.

• 1.005 although he looked
• 1.006 and the hobbits had almost forgotten what he looked like.
• 1.008 But Gandalf looked at him from under long bushy eyebrows
• 1.060 and trying to look as if this was all perfectly ordinary
• 1.068 and in the dim light it made him look strange
• 1.080 And men looked up with faces pale;
• 1.083 He looked out of the window.
• 1.095 He looks more like a grocer than a burglar!’
• 1.111 which has been made to look exactly like the side of the Mountain.
• 1.114 Now things begin to look more hopeful.
• 1.124 They looked very grim but they said very little.
• 1.140 and have a look round.
• 2.026 and he looked rather comic.
• 2.028 On some of them were old castles with an evil look,
• 2.037 When they had looked at it for some while,
• 2.044 if it don’t look like mutton again tomorrer,”
• 2.051 look what I’ve copped!” said William.
• 2.075 and looked at the fire,
• 2.106 as they looked at him.
• 2.110 We must look into it!”
• 2.115 “These look like good blades,”
• 2.116 and looked fit to eat,
• 2.119 “To look ahead,” said he.
• 3.001 Dark and drear it looked,
• 3.002 that looked so big before.
• 3.008 and they looked down surprised to see trees below them
• 3.008 some of them green pleasant places to look at,
• 3.010 as he looked for the stones,
• 3.011 and looked over the edge.
• 3.013 and he looked up at the stars.
• 3.019 “Just look! Bilbo the hobbit on a pony,
• 3.035 That day he looked at the swords they had brought
• 3.042 “not when you look straight at them.
• 4.002 Now they could look back over the lands they had left,
• 4.008 and Kili to look for a better shelter.
• 4.008 if you look,
• 4.014 and look.
• 4.033 when he looked at it,
• 5.087 and was always going back to look at it.
• 5.101 and as he looked towards it,
• 5.142 Look out for the door,’
• 6.001 and he looked back.
• 6.001 Then he looked forward
• 6.003 and look for his friends.
• 6.008 into those abominable tunnels to look for him,
• 6.009 Either you help me to look for him,
• 6.023 The dwarves looked at him
• 6.024 He gave Bilbo a queer look from under his bushy eyebrows,
• 6.039 As they went on Bilbo looked from side to side
• 6.044 Look at the light!’
• 6.067 and looked down upon the ring of the Wargs,
• 6.067 that could look at the sun unblinking,
• 6.086 He used to turn queer if he looked over the edge
• 6.086 when he looked down between his dangling toes
• 6.100 nor remember what it looked like.
• 7.001 He jumped up to look at the time
• 7.003 even if you look rather like one.
• 7.005 and below them were trees that looked like oaks
• 7.011 I may look
• 7.012 and looked most distressed,
• 7.032 and looked at them intently with very intelligent faces;
• 7.035 They don’t look dangerous.
• 7.046 and looked at the flowers
• 7.069 they looked so comical.
• 7.082 But look here, Gandalf,
• 7.116 They must have looked very queer from outside,
• 7.135 I hope you like the look of it.
• 7.140 I will look after that.
• 7.142 and don’t look so glum.
• 7.149 You have got to look after all these dwarves for me,’
• 8.008 or looked it
• 8.015 but it looks to me as if it was just drawn up on the bank,
• 8.021 Bilbo was on the look out,
• 8.032 and look for the hart,
• 8.040 and have a look round.
• 8.043 He looked at the ‘black emperors’
• 8.054 They all looked,
• 8.055 It looks as if my dreams were coming true,’
• 8.058 and looked into a clearing
• 8.078 but obviously he had first of all to look for his friends,
• 8.078 and in what direction he should go first to look for the dwarves.
• 8.096 and look for me?
• 8.111 This time there looked like being a horrible battle.
• 8.114 It looked pretty hopeless.
• 8.126 and look for anything,
• 8.128 and looked round at them.
• 8.134 The king looked sternly on Thorin,
• 9.004 He did not at all like the look of the cavern-mouth,
• 9.006 and though he looked grimly at them,
• 9.045 He has had his share by the looks of it.’
• 9.051 It looked as if he would certainly lose his friends this time
• 9.066 we might have had a look inside,’
• 10.002 and looked across the marshes to the forest.
• 10.002 and now he did not like the look of it
• 10.006 that any water that was not the sea could look so big.
• 10.006 It was so wide that the opposite shores looked small
• 10.010 and a savage look
• 10.020 and he looked it,
• 10.034 and looked from one to the other.
• 10.038 Thorin looked
• 10.039 He had not forgotten the look of the Mountain,
• 11.007 He looked both sad
• 11.008 until lying hidden behind a rock they could look out
• 11.009 they look like spies of evil.’
• 11.014 Bilbo came on what looked like rough steps going upwards.
• 11.014 because it was so small that it looked
• 12.005 Fili and Kili looked uncomfortable
• 12.044 Smaug certainly looked fast asleep,
• 12.046 I only wished to have a look at you
• 12.076 Look!’
• 12.083 and I don’t like the look of him.’
• 13.013 and have a look round before the luck turns.’
• 13.019 At last he looked down upon it,
• 13.035 Royal indeed did Thorin look,
• 13.038 but I expect I look rather absurd.
• 13.055 But look down there!
• 13.071 They looked West
• 14.002 and they looked seldom at it,
• 14.004 Look!’ said one.
• 14.020 Look for the hollow of the left breast
• 14.042 and looked on the ruins of the town.
• 15.028 to the right as one looked outwards from the wall.
• 15.037 The heart is bold that looks on gold;
• 15.050 we look on you as foes
• 16.001 and bade them eagerly to look for it
• 16.022 though perhaps he doesn’t know me to look at.
• 16.040 The Elvenking looked at Bilbo with a new wonder.
• 16.040 than many that have looked more comely
• 17.060 On all this Bilbo looked with misery.
• 17.062 in the gloom Bilbo looked round.
• 17.065 Many wondering eyes looked up,
• 18.010 and we have looked for you long.
• 18.010 I have been sent to look here for the last time.
• 18.016 He looked up as Bilbo came beside him.
• 18.042 and their hearts looked forward after winter to a spring of joy.
• 19.032 Look at last on meadows green
• 19.033 Gandalf looked at him.