Jolly

It’s a common enough English word, but not used overmuch in The Hobbit. An etymological mystery: Jolly from Old French jolif, but is that from Norse jól (from which, English Yule)?

• 3.015 the valley is jolly,
• 3.017 To stay would be jolly
• 4.024 including a jolly sturdy little white fellow
• 7.122 Beorn was most jolly for a change;

Valley

Valley — quite simply a variation on “vale,” the low bit between two high bits.

• 1.116 in the valley there,
• 1.122 up the Running River as far as the valley
• 2.030 for it began to get dark as they went down into a deep valley with a river at the bottom.
• 2.046 for a nice bit o’ fat valley mutton like what this is.”
• 3.006 is the fair valley of Rivendell
• 3.007 and no valleys and no hills
• 3.008 They came on unexpected valleys,
• 3.011 They saw a valley far below.
• 3.012 into the secret valley of Rivendell.
• 3.014 in the valley!
• 3.015 the valley is jolly,
• 3.016 down into the valley
• 3.022 “Welcome to the valley!” he said.
• 3.029 “Valleys have ears,
• 3.033 Evil things did not come into that valley.
• 4.002 out of the valley
• 4.004 and valleys where no king ruled.
• 4.005 with a dreadful fall into a dim valley at one side of them.
• 4.005 he saw that across the valley the stone-giants were out,
• 5.146 into a narrow valley between tall mountains;
• 6.003 out of the little high valley,
• 6.041 from the deeper darker forests of the valleys below.
• 6.062 in the valleys
• 6.063 and would take news of their plans down into the valleys,
• 7.002 in the valleys
• 8.039 in a valley
• 8.044 was standing near the bottom of a wide valley,
• 10.006 a great deep rocky valley.
• 11.006 after winding a wide loop over the valley of Dale,
• 11.006 in the wide valley
• 11.007 and all the sheltered valley rich
• 11.013 They moved their camp then to a long valley,
• 11.013 somewhere high above the cliff at the valley’s head
• 11.014 down the valley
• 11.014 at the valley’s head
• 11.016 The others went down the valley
• 11.026 till they hang down the cliff to the valley
• 11.027 I don’t think I could bear to see the unhappy valley of Dale again,
• 12.024 in the valley!’
• 12.032 from the valley where the ponies had been standing;
• 12.101 over the cliff into the valley below.
• 13.049 and foamed down towards the valley.
• 13.051 the arms of the Mountain into the valley,
• 15.030 They must have come into the valley
• 15.031 come up to the valley’s head
• 15.044 and marching up the valley.
• 16.005 in the valley.
• 17.032 coming up the valley at a great pace.
• 17.044 and valley,
• 17.045 Their only hope was to lure the goblins into the valley
• 17.048 in rage into the valley,
• 17.050 in the valley,
• 17.051 there rose from across the valley a deep-throated roar.
• 17.054 in the valley.
• 17.057 in the valley.
• 17.058 in the valley;
• 17.059 And as the valley widened his onset grew ever slower.
• 17.065 and it echoed across the valley.
• 18.003 Looking into the valley he could see no living goblins.
• 18.012 in the valley,’
• 18.021 and men on either side of the valley
• 18.025 in the valley
• 19.001 to the brink of the valley of Rivendell,
• 19.002 Come back to the valley!
• 19.003 Come back to the Valley.
• 19.004 Come back to the Valley,
• 19.005 Then the elves of the valley came out
• 19.018 with the elves of the valley.
• 19.019 Even as they left the valley
• 19.043 and all the valley had become tilled again

Down

A word so evenly distributed – reading down this list is like a fast-forward scroll through the microfiche, bringing the whole story into clear, quick focus:

• 1.001 with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat:
• 1.002 sloping down to the river.
• 1.005 in fact apparently settled down immovably.
• 1.006 that reached nearly down to his woolly toes
• 1.006 He had not been down that way under The Hill for ages
• 1.007 hung down below his waist,
• 1.010 sit down
• 1.010 Then Bilbo sat down on a seat by his door,
• 1.024 unless he put them down on his Engagement Tablet:
• 1.037 Bilbo plumped down the beer
• 1.043 I really must sit down for a minute
• 1.046 The poor little hobbit sat down
• 1.066 Send them down the hall to roll!
• 1.072 and the fire died down,
• 1.088 and sat down
• 1.093 as they sat down again.
• 1.094 and went down a rabbit-hole,
• 1.123 Then he came down the slopes
• 1.124 and down the lands,
• 1.125 and why it did not come down to me,
• 2.002 In fact he was just sitting down
• 2.019 and running as fast as his furry feet could carry him down the lane,
• 2.030 Somewhere behind the grey clouds the sun must have gone down,
• 2.030 for it began to get dark as they went down into a deep valley with a river at the bottom.
• 2.030 came rushing down from the hills
• 2.038 Then the rain began to pour down worse than ever,
• 2.046 since we come down from the mountains.
• 2.072 and he was down.
• 2.075 and he was down.
• 2.080 and down to his toes.
• 2.107 and helped Bilbo to climb down out of a thorn-bush.
• 2.125 It was they who told me that three of them had come down
• 3.001 down very near to them.
• 3.008 and they looked down surprised to see trees below them
• 3.010 so suddenly that Gandalf’s horse nearly slipped down the slope.
• 3.012 in the dusk down the steep zig-zag path
• 3.012 down and down.
• 3.012 down and down.
• 3.014 here down
• 3.016 down into the valley
• 3.021 as ridiculous as the one I have written down
• 3.049 and then they went down to the water
• 4.002 Boulders, too, at times came galloping down the mountain-sides,
• 4.003 “The summer is getting on down below,”
• 4.003 before we even begin to go down the other side at this rate.”
• 4.004 down in the land
• 4.005 and tossing them down into the darkness
• 4.005 and their ponies were standing with their heads down
• 4.014 – beginning to fall down, down,
• 4.014 – beginning to fall down, down,
• 4.017 and the way went down
• 4.017 and down,
• 4.019 And down down to Goblin-town
• 4.019 And down down to Goblin-town
• 4.038 down more dark passages with the yells of the goblin-hall
• 4.040 and by that time they must have been right down
• 4.045 and down on Bombur’s back.
• 4.046 down his nose
• 5.002 but neither up nor down it could he find anything:
• 5.002 but sat down on the cold floor
• 5.009 All he knew was that it was still going down pretty steadily
• 5.009 and down
• 5.009 and down;
• 5.012 Deep down here by the dark water
• 5.012 if they ever came down alone anywhere near the edge of the water,
• 5.012 for they had a feeling that something unpleasant was lurking down there,
• 5.012 down at the very roots of the mountain.
• 5.012 when they were tunnelling down long ago,
• 5.022 and crept down, down,
• 5.022 and crept down, down,
• 5.055 And beats high mountain down.
• 5.058 He sat down
• 5.09 It sent a shiver down his back.
• 5.104 back up the dark passage down which he had come,
• 5.108 down to Gollum’s water.
• 5.112 Suddenly Gollum sat down
• 5.12 as Bilbo had noticed on the way down,
• 5.122 As the count grew he slowed down,
• 5.124 Goblinses down there.
• 5.127 He seemed to be crouched right down
• 5.13 sped off down the new tunnel.
• 5.134 Soon the passage that had been sloping down
• 5.134 That slowed Bilbo down.
• 5.134 and dipped down again,
• 5.146 there were a few steps running down
• 5.148 leaping down the steps like a goat,
• 5.149 Of course they soon came down after him,
• 6.003 and down the slopes beyond;
• 6.012 and helter-skelter down here.
• 6.013 said Bilbo stepping down into the middle of them,
• 6.019 and he sat down
• 6.02 And then he sat down
• 6.02 and ran down to the gate.’
• 6.028 and there he sat down
• 6.034 and come right down through the heart of the mountains,
• 6.04 When they began to go down this,
• 6.04 soon larger bits of split stone went clattering down
• 6.04 crashing down with a dust
• 6.042 will have a job to come down here quietly.’
• 6.043 bouncing down on our heads.’
• 6.045 and over the black tops of those growing lower down
• 6.045 down the gentle slopes of a pine forest
• 6.049 All of a sudden they heard a howl away down hill,
• 6.052 with their beards dangling down,
• 6.054 said Nori to Dori looking down.
• 6.055 said Dori, ‘down tunnels
• 6.056 for Dori was lowest down
• 6.057 even when he climbed down to the bottom branch
• 6.057 and hung his arm down as far as ever he could.
• 6.058 Still Dori did not let Bilbo down.
• 6.062 cutting down trees,
• 6.063 and would take news of their plans down into the valleys,
• 6.063 goblin soldiers would be coming down from the mountains;
• 6.063 or cut them down.
• 6.064 and threw it whizzing down among the circle of the wolves.
• 6.065 and they fled off down the slopes crying
• 6.067 and looked down upon the ring of the Wargs,
• 6.067 down the hillsides from their gate
• 6.069 and round they came down,
• 6.069 down, down towards the ring of the wolves
• 6.069 down, down towards the ring of the wolves
• 6.07 Dreadful things had been going on down there.
• 6.071 Some of them actually sat down
• 6.075 Come down little birds,
• 6.08 as he got ready to spring down from on high
• 6.08 as he came hurtling down like a thunderbolt.
• 6.081 the Lord of the Eagles swept down from above,
• 6.082 and down they came like huge black shadows.
• 6.086 when he looked down between his dangling toes
• 6.093 Very soon Bilbo was laid down,
• 6.093 There was no path down on to it save by flying;
• 6.093 and no path down off it except by jumping over a precipice.
• 6.094 and setting them down well on their journey
• 6.099 Gandalf, too, was lying down
• 7.001 So he sat down
• 7.005 for they began to go down circling round
• 7.006 and set down their passengers.
• 7.01 and a well worn path with many steps leading down it to the river,
• 7.012 unless they have come here since I was last down this way,
• 7.014 and down the lines of the wide-armed oaks
• 7.024 and down dale they plodded.
• 7.032 and went down a wide track towards the house.
• 7.034 in a tunic of wool down to his knees,
• 7.035 put down his axe
• 7.038 stooping down to frown
• 7.066 Sit down,
• 7.07 and then sit down
• 7.075 I followed down into the main hall,
• 7.078 Sit down
• 7.082 and sit down!
• 7.082 and of their scramble down the stone-slide
• 7.084 when the goblins came down from the hills
• 7.099 The wind came down from mountains cold,
• 7.106 which was peering down through the smoke-hole
• 7.108 and had rolled down with a bump from the platform on to the floor.
• 7.118 and the goblins down here?
• 7.13 their path would have led them down a stream from the mountains
• 7.13 and though here the Mountains too drew down nearer,
• 7.153 and rode down into the West.
• 8.002 stabbed down thin
• 8.004 There was no movement of air down under the forest-roof,
• 8.005 And sometimes they would gleam down
• 8.007 before they managed to bring one down
• 8.015 which is low just there where the path goes down into the water.’
• 8.021 before it floated off down the current.
• 8.028 Since it did not fall down again,
• 8.03 when the hart bore down on him,
• 8.037 A few leaves came rustling down
• 8.041 and how he was going to get down again
• 8.043 who were now simply stamping with impatience down below,
• 8.043 there was no food to go back to down below.
• 8.044 and he climbed down full of despair.
• 8.048 he sat down
• 8.05 before they lay down
• 8.05 and that he wanted to lie down
• 8.06 but to settle down for the night where they were;
• 8.068 as he lay down beside the dwarves
• 8.074 So he sat himself down with his back to a tree,
• 8.075 and then he fell down
• 8.097 Down you drop!
• 8.104 if a spider had not luckily left a rope hanging down;
• 8.112 and fell down the tree
• 8.113 Come down!
• 8.113 Come down!’
• 8.114 Down the dwarves scrambled or jumped or dropped,
• 8.12 and throwing down their long clinging threads.
• 9.002 and sat down
• 9.003 There the great beeches came right down to the bank,
• 9.018 There the rocky roof came down
• 9.02 to a place far down the river where the bank jutted out,
• 9.022 The guards were tramping away down the passages
• 9.025 and sat down at a table on which two large flagons were set.
• 9.03 far down
• 9.035 and they calmed down.
• 9.035 down into the lowest cellars they crept.
• 9.037 some elves were under orders to come down
• 9.041 I have no wish to waste time down here
• 9.044 and waiting down here,
• 9.049 roll-roll-rolling down the hole!
• 9.049 Down they go, down they bump!
• 9.049 Down they go, down they bump!
• 9.05 but down they all went,
• 9.05 and bobbing away down the current.
• 9.053 Down the swift dark stream you go
• 9.053 Down the swift dark stream you go
• 9.054 Down into the water he fell,
• 9.06 and twisted off down the stream,
• 9.061 flowing down
• 9.064 and there was a merry racket down by the river.
• 9.064 down the stream to Lake-town.
• 9.064 He scrambled down as fast as his stiff legs would take him
• 9.068 and went sailing away down,
• 9.068 down towards the Lake.
• 10.001 that came down upon their left.
• 10.006 the Running River came down
• 10.01 if they could have seen what happened down by the shore,
• 10.013 but they lay down
• 10.024 lay down your arms!’
• 10.028 going down to the surface of the lake.
• 10.038 coming down the river to Lake-town.
• 10.042 It would not do to let everything cool down with delay.
• 10.045 from the great steps of the town-hall that went down to the lake.
• 11.002 making off swiftly down the river
• 11.014 down the valley
• 11.014 Looking down they saw that they were at the top of the cliff
• 11.014 and were gazing down on to their own camp below.
• 11.015 “and then at evening began their long climb down.
[11.016]”
• 11.016 The others went down the valley
• 11.017 Down the same way they were able occasionally
• 11.026 till they hang down the cliff to the valley
• 11.028 some were exercising the ponies down below,
• 11.038 in and down.
• 12.008 he crept noiselessly down,
• 12.008 down, down into the dark.
• 12.008 down, down into the dark.
• 12.01 right ahead down there?’
• 12.011 down there
• 12.017 than when he was going down,
• 12.019 from far down
• 12.02 and cowered down in fright.
• 12.02 from far above that came down through it
• 12.024 they are down
• 12.027 at any moment he might come blazing down
• 12.031 They crept further down the tunnel,
• 12.04 and will creep down this very noon –
• 12.041 down into the Mountain.
• 12.042 soon faded as he went down.
• 12.059 I haven’t been down that way
• 12.081 right down to the skin.
• 12.091 Smaug knows now how I came down to his hall,
• 12.094 and down the tunnel.
• 12.094 not far down from the half-open door
• 12.101 They had hardly gone any distance down the tunnel
• 12.101 They fled further down the tunnel
• 12.102 down the wind
• 13.005 I am going down the tunnel once again.
• 13.005 Anyway the only way out is down.
• 13.008 Down, down they went.
• 13.008 Down, down they went.
• 13.015 when Bilbo fell forward down the step with a bump into the hall,
• 13.019 At last he looked down upon it,
• 13.022 Down the other side of the great mound he climbed,
• 13.035 Now the dwarves took down mail
• 13.039 and sat down on the floor;
• 13.043 and went down wide echoing ways,
• 13.049 and foamed down towards the valley.
• 13.055 But look down there!
• 13.059 I hope he is not up on the Mountain looking down at us!’
• 13.071 and some threw themselves down at once
• 14.002 the Running River came down from the North.
• 14.011 was thrown down
• 14.014 Then down he swooped
• 14.015 as he hurtled down
• 14.015 and smashed down.
• 14.016 Weapons were flung down.
• 14.016 and burned down to the surface of the lake.
• 14.018 down the Running River from the ruin long ago.
• 14.023 and dived down
• 14.023 and crashed down from on high
• 14.025 and down the wind came the voices
• 14.032 and down with Moneybags,’
• 14.033 What sort of gold have they sent down the river to reward us?
• 14.042 he hastened now down the river to the Long Lake.
• 14.043 sent down from the Forest.
• 15.027 far down the banks
• 15.034 and to go down
• 15.053 laying down your arms before you approach the threshold.’
• 16.016 slipped down over the wall,
• 16.017 and climbed down towards the lower course of the stream,
• 16.046 and then he sat down on the wall
• 17.016 Put him down,
• 17.02 Get down now to your friends!’
• 17.02 or I will throw you down.’
• 17.022 Get down!’
• 17.026 And so Bilbo was swung down from the wall,
• 17.032 and there they laid down their weapons
• 17.044 ready to sweep down
• 17.05 a thousand of their spearmen leapt down
• 17.052 back down the river to escape from the trap;
• 17.053 and others were streaming down recklessly,
• 17.053 by paths that ran down from the main mass
• 17.056 Rocks were hurled down from on high
• 17.056 leapt down to the falls’ foot,
• 17.058 Down, heedless of order,
• 17.058 Down too came many of the Lake-men,
• 17.059 were being slowly beaten down.
• 17.061 or driven down
• 17.064 The eagles were coming down the wind,
• 18.012 I will carry you down to the camp
• 18.013 It was not long before Bilbo was set down before a tent
• 18.021 they had come speeding down the gale
• 18.021 or driving them down shrieking
• 18.024 and pulled down Bolg himself
• 19.001 As they rode down the steep path,
• 19.001 and as soon as the riders came down
• 19.043 and down the Running River;

Flow

The word “Flow” is only used nineteen times in the work, but four of those times — over 20% — is in poetry! Let us give “Flow” a 20% poetry rating!

• 3.014 The river is flowing!
• 3.025 as quick as water flows,
• 3.026 It was flowing fast
• 8.008 It flowed fast
• 8.132 and flowed on
• 9.003 The water flowed dark and swift
• 9.018 A stream flowed under part of the lowest regions of the palace,
• 9.020 where the Forest River flowed into the Long Lake.
• 9.061 flowing down
• 10.001 the deepest stream had flowed lapping
• 10.002 but still a strong water flowed on steadily through the midst.
• 10.003 that flowed east;
• 10.008 and gold would flow
• 10.035 His wealth shall flow in fountains
• 11.006 flowing swift
• 11.038 It seemed as if darkness flowed out like a vapour
• 13.048 and it flowed swirling
• 19.002 The white water flowing,
• 19.004 The river is flowing,

River

I have been reminded by The Tolkien Professor that features of the landscape of Middle-earth can be characters.

In addition to river-door, river-shore, river-toll, river-valley, and riverside, let’s keep our eye on the simple rivers of Bilbo’s home and adventure. The word “river” apparently descends from the word for the land beside the flowing water thing.

• 1.002 sloping down to the river.
• 1.004 the small river that ran at the foot of The Hill.
• 1.116 up along the River Running,’
• 1.116 The river runs right out of it
• 1.122 up the Running River as far as the valley
• 1.123 The river rushed up
• 2.030 for it began to get dark as they went down into a deep valley with a river at the bottom.
• 2.030 for the river,
• 2.035 He got into the river before they could catch him;
• 2.117 not far from the track by the river,
• 3.001 One morning they forded a river
• 3.014 The river is flowing!
• 3.026 and so at last to the very brink of the river.
• 3.040 and the burned banks of the bright River Running.
• 5.011 and not an underground river,
• 5.036 in a bank by a river,
• 5.045 and sitting under the river bank teaching his grandmother,
• 7.005 and a river running through it all.
• 7.010 and a well worn path with many steps leading down it to the river,
• 7.014 in the river,
• 7.117 except from the west over the river,
• 7.117 There they disappeared into the river,
• 7.117 where the river was wide
• 7.122 He had been over the river
• 7.130 that joined the great river miles south of the Carrock.
• 7.130 to the borders of the Great River,
• 7.131 will not dare to cross the Great River
• 7.131 they will cross the river to the south
• 7.132 and in the distance the line of the river with its trees drawing ever closer.
• 8.132 a river ran out of the heights of the forest
• 9.003 that led across the river
• 9.018 and joined the Forest River some way further to the east,
• 9.018 right to the bed of the river to prevent anyone coming
• 9.019 and other goods came up the rivers,
• 9.019 From Lake-town the barrels were brought up the Forest River.
• 9.020 to a place far down the river where the bank jutted out,
• 9.020 where the Forest River flowed into the Long Lake.
• 9.048 is pushed into the river for the Lake-men to feast on for nothing!’
• 9.061 The dark river opened suddenly wide,
• 9.061 and there it was joined to the main water of the Forest River
• 9.061 Then the hurrying water of the Forest River
• 9.064 and there was a merry racket down by the river.
• 10.001 After a while the river rounded a steep shoulder of land
• 10.002 filled with the waters of the river which broke up
• 10.003 and the growth of the traffic on the river,
• 10.003 about the upkeep of the Forest River
• 10.003 only the river offered any longer a safe way
• 10.003 and the river was guarded by the Wood-elves’ king.
• 10.005 All he knew was that the river seemed to go on
• 10.005 the river took a more southerly course
• 10.005 the river gathered all its wandering waters together
• 10.006 the Running River came down
• 10.006 and with the Forest River
• 10.007 Not far from the mouth of the Forest River
• 10.007 protected from the swirl of the entering river
• 10.007 that came up the great river from the South
• 10.008 in rivers,
• 10.009 out of the current of the Forest River
• 10.035 And the rivers golden run.
• 10.038 coming down the river to Lake-town.
• 10.040 up the Forest River with their cargoes,
• 11.001 and passed out into the River Running,
• 11.001 some miles up the river,
• 11.002 making off swiftly down the river
• 11.003 slanting away from the River Running,
• 11.006 There the river,
• 11.008 They did not dare to follow the river
• 11.008 Out of it the waters of the Running River sprang;
• 11.013 where the Gates of the river stood,
• 11.016 as they had brought with them from the river.
• 12.030 back to the river with Smaug on the watch!’
• 12.032 that men had come up from the river and the lake
• 12.039 to go back to the store by the river
• 12.104 towards the Running River.
• 13.047 There is the birth of the Running River,’
• 13.055 The river loops suddenly east
• 13.064 on the left side of the river,
• 13.065 and left the river,
• 14.002 the Running River came down from the North.
• 14.008 his rivers golden run!
• 14.008 The river is running gold from the Mountain!’
• 14.018 down the Running River from the ruin long ago.
• 14.033 What sort of gold have they sent down the river to reward us?
• 14.039 up the river to the Forest
• 14.042 he hastened now down the river to the Long Lake.
• 15.027 of the Running River,
• 15.030 under the cover of dusk along both banks of the river.’
• 15.033 That day the camp was moved to the east of the river,
• 15.044 was seen crossing the river,
• 16.002 is worth more than a river of gold
• 16.037 He values it above a river of gold.
• 17.032 They halted between the river
• 17.032 and crossing the river drew near the camp;
• 17.033 and the loop of the river;
• 17.052 back down the river to escape from the trap;
• 18.024 They drove many of them into the Running River,
• 18.024 they hunted into the marshes about the Forest River;
• 18.043 to the north of the place where the Forest River ran out.
• 19.004 The river is flowing,
• 19.012 The river is silver, the shadows are fleeting;
• 19.023 They came to the river that marked the very edge
• 19.024 in the river,
• 19.034 and passed the mill by the river
• 19.043 and down the Running River;
• 19.045 in his day the rivers run with gold.’

Shoe

As of this date, the Areni-1 shoe is the oldest piece of footwear found, identified, and dated. Shout-out to the National Geographic Society for being part of that find in Armenia. “Shoe” is a common word, included here since it’s present in a poem. Because I’ve been working with an unlemmatized list, the uncommon past participle “shod” can also be found under its own listing in the concordance.

• 1.004 wear no shoes,
• 3.014 “Your ponies need shoeing!”
• 4.049 and they slipped on soft shoes,
• 17.031 and they were shod with iron,

Find

Indeed. Bilbo found that he had lost more than spoons. So many things found upon this journey.

• 1.003 and found himself doing
• 1.005 that was to be found either under The Hill or over The Hill or across The Water,
• 1.011 and it’s very difficult to find anyone.’
• 1.018 All the same I am pleased to find you remember something about me.
• 1.036 Lots!’ Bilbo found himself answering,
• 1.036 and he found himself scuttling off,
• 1.068 and found Thorin with his feet on the fender smoking a pipe.
• 1.084 Suddenly he found that the music
• 1.099 You asked me to find the fourteenth man for your expedition,
• 1.104 but it will be easy enough to find him without that,
• 1.106 to find out anything there is to know about those caves.’
• 1.117 I tried to find one;
• 1.117 or simply not to be found.
• 1.122 and in addition I believe they found a good deal of gold
• 1.122 which we never bothered to grow or find for ourselves.
• 1.122 the like of which is not to be found
• 1.123 wherever they can find them;
• 1.130 considering the trouble I had to find you.
• 1.132 but I found him a prisoner
• 1.134 I was finding things out,
• 1.142 The hobbit had to find room for them all,
• 1.144 To find our long-forgotten gold.
• 2.007 you would have found this just under the clock,” said Gandalf,
• 2.019 Bilbo could never remember how he found himself outside,
• 2.020 and found he had come without a pocket-handkerchief!
• 2.038 the less trouble you are likely to find.”
• 2.041 and find out
• 2.111 and soon found the marks of trolls’ stony boots
• 2.112 “I found it on the ground
• 2.125 and find out all about it.
• 3.007 to find the Last Homely House west of the Mountains.
• 3.030 and found its doors flung wide.
• 3.031 and they found it hard to leave.
• 3.037 to be found
• 3.043 that even Elrond should have found this out first,
• 4.008 if you want to find something
• 4.008 You certainly usually find something,
• 4.009 “We have found a dry cave,” they said,
• 4.012 you found a low arch
• 4.015 and found that part of his dream was true.
• 4.017 and the goblins did not wait to find out.
• 4.027 “We found them sheltering
• 4.048 and found Goblin-cleaver,
• 5.002 but neither up nor down it could he find anything:
• 5.004 and he could not find any at all,
• 5.012 but he took care they never found him out.
• 5.012 and they found they could go no further;
• 5.018 This is what he had come to find out,
• 5.022 and until he found out more about the sword
• 5.023 until he found out more about the creature,
• 5.062 There he found the ring he had picked up
• 5.089 for he had no idea how to find his way out alone.
• 5.094 Bilbo could not find much pity
• 5.109 He’s found it,
• 5.113 the nassty noser has found it, we says.’
• 5.114 We can’t know till we find the nassty creature
• 5.117 They’ll find it,
• 5.117 they’ll find out what it does.
• 5.119 that he really had found one,
• 5.149 They could not find Bilbo with the ring on,
• 6.006 without trying to find out if he was alive or dead,
• 6.009 If we can only find him again,
• 6.019 except about the finding of the ring
• 6.026 because it had been found quite safe up to now.
• 6.027 I must see if I can’t find
• 6.039 and he ate three wild strawberries that he found on its bank,
• 6.040 and they found themselves at the top
• 6.043 but they won’t find it difficult to send stones
• 6.052 They found them as quick as ever they could,
• 6.052 and were trying to find a place to sit
• 6.052 had found a tree into which they could not climb,
• 6.063 at finding them here
• 6.088 and he found himself saying aloud:
• 6.093 There he found all the others
• 6.100 looking for something that he could not find
• 7.001 and found he was not home at all.
• 7.012 and find him;
• 7.019 Couldn’t you find someone more easy-tempered?
• 7.045 Following him they found themselves
• 7.049 until I found out if you were busy.
• 7.079 and their horror when they found
• 7.079 and found that there was no hobbit.
• 7.090 they might find me kinder.
• 7.106 Bilbo found that beds had already been laid
• 7.111 though we found breakfast laid as soon as we went out.’
• 7.112 moving off to find something to eat as quick as he could.
• 7.117 I had to walk miles before I found a place
• 7.122 he had soon found out
• 7.122 but he had found more than that:
• 7.122 might soon be made to find the dwarves,
• 7.126 Water is not easy to find there,
• 7.126 But I doubt very much whether anything you find
• 7.142 and you will find that out before long.
• 7.143 they found close to the forest-gate,
• 7.147 it is a thousand to one you will never find it again
• 8.008 when one day they found their path blocked by a running water.
• 8.033 None seemed to find their mark.
• 8.039 they found their path going downwards,
• 8.042 and then he found spiders all right.
• 8.057 and find out more about them.
• 8.057 and never finding his friends again.
• 8.059 and they could not even find one another,
• 8.064 And they simply could not find the hobbit.
• 8.065 and he found it was the hobbit curled up fast asleep.
• 8.068 and find his dream again.
• 8.071 they found they could not resist the desire to go nearer
• 8.073 Bilbo found himself running round
• 8.074 he found that his legs were already wrapped
• 8.092 and it did not take him long to find a nice smooth egg-shaped one
• 8.100 but still they cannot find me!
• 8.102 and found
• 8.125 and the finding of the ring interested them so much
• 9.001 to find a way out
• 9.001 but they never found out if they were right.
• 9.002 they never found or counted the hobbit.
• 9.010 It was Bilbo who found that out.
• 9.011 and remotest corners he could find.
• 9.013 he managed to find out where each dwarf was kept.
• 9.013 He found all their twelve cells
• 9.013 and after a while he found that his guess was right.
• 9.013 At last after many difficulties he managed to find the place
• 9.018 he would have found himself
• 9.028 If this is found out,
• 9.035 and find their way into the upper halls,
• 9.038 They soon found thirteen
• 9.038 to find straw
• 9.051 he had precious small chance of ever finding the dwarves again.
• 9.056 and he found that he was
• 9.060 Then he found it quite as difficult to stick on as he had feared;
• 9.063 he was found out by the terrific explosions
• 10.003 if they had tried to find the lost ways across.
• 10.012 and very nasty job finding
• 11.014 they found what they were seeking.
• 11.014 and the dwarves found traces of a narrow track,
• 11.014 Its entrance which they had found
• 11.014 yet they did not doubt that they had found the door at last.
• 11.016 and up the newly found path,
• 11.019 and found a path
• 11.020 Bilbo found sitting on the doorstep lonesome
• 12.009 and find this beastly tunnel was my own front-hall at home!’
• 12.027 and find them there,
• 12.068 and finding the entrance.
• 12.075 Truly there can nowhere be found
• 12.089 you found out one very useful thing at any rate,
• 12.096 which the dwarves had found
• 12.102 when he could find nobody
• 13.002 But they found that the upper end of the tunnel
• 13.012 and found that he did not know
• 13.016 to find out where they were,
• 13.026 and find me
• 13.034 and finding still hanging there many golden harps
• 13.034 for something which he could not find.
• 13.064 they found long fallen,
• 13.064 and found the ancient steps,
• 13.066 Here they found a flat place without a wall
• 14.010 So it was that the dragon did not find them quite unprepared.
• 14.019 Marvelling he found he could understand its tongue,
• 14.035 if he could but find the men.
• 14.038 he found talk running like fire among the people
• 14.039 and these messengers had found a host already on the move,
• 14.041 So it was that Bard’s messengers found him now
• 15.019 They too think to find amends from your treasure,
• 15.026 and found,
• 15.026 Tools were to be found
• 15.027 to find the ponies
• 15.046 We came expecting to find none living here;
• 15.051 had you found the hoard unguarded
• 15.059 the others would not have dared to find fault with him;
• 16.002 on anyone who finds it
• 16.003 if the stone was found –
• 16.006 and they may find their dwelling
• 16.039 I hope you will find it useful.’
• 17.035 but they found no gold or payment.
• 18.010 It is well that I have found you!’
• 18.051 and hidden in the deepest holes they could find;
• 19.010 He woke to find himself
• 19.025 they found the gold of the trolls,
• 19.025 I daresay you can find a use for it.’
• 19.026 You may find you have more needs than you expect.’
• 19.029 By streams that never find the sea;
• 19.036 was sorry to find the presumption wrong.
• 19.038 Indeed Bilbo found he had lost more than spoons –

Must

Friends, this one has slowed me down quite a bit. There’s … much to absorb. But when I really got going on those Old English lessons, I realized that I should just make the entry and let everyone enjoy the adventure for themselves. Here’s the first stage:

“Must” is a modal auxiliary verb, bless its heart, usually used with the infinitive form of the verb it’s helping (without the “to”). Well and good.

“Must” is the past tense of “Mote,” which has meanings of possibility or obligation or a periphrastic subjunctive use “So mote it be.” Sometimes a verb of motion is understood, as in “We must away.” [01.073]

“Must” is the past and present form of itself, with the senses of obligation(“We must stand our ground”) or demand (“You must fetch the Queen a Shrubbery”). There’s also a satirical use (“She must have her hair just so”).

In modern dialect, “must” replaces “mote”, so that’s great…

Then there’s “must have” (as in “it must have rained”), indicating (I love this) the present necessity of a past action. I am, of course, enchanted and feel rather time-traveler-like. Once I’ve posted this, I will update the “Deep Throated Singing of the Dwarves” post.

I learned long ago not to make broad generalizations of the “eyebrows are always funny” sort. But…. gosh. If I were a foolish person who made generalizations, I would say that “must” is almost always serious. See what you think:

• 1.004 that long ago one of the Took ancestors must have taken a fairy wife.
• 1.043 I really must sit down for a minute
• 1.062 and we must have some music first.
• 1.073 We must away ere break of day
• 1.077 We must away, ere break of day,
• 1.082 We must away, ere break of day,
• 1.110 He was only a little hobbit you must remember.
• 1.125 I see now they must have had a private Side-door
• 1.135 we must give a thought to the Necromancer.’
• 1.140 and dragons must sleep sometimes,
• 1.144 We must away, ere break of day,
• 2.030 Somewhere behind the grey clouds the sun must have gone down,
• 2.041 “You must go on
• 2.106 must be underground before dawn,
• 2.110 that the trolls must have a cave or a hole
• 2.110 We must look into it!”
• 2.112 It must have fallen out of his pocket,
• 3.005 “We must not miss the road,
• 3.035 They must have come from a dragon’s hoard or goblin plunder,
• 3.042 it must be a moon of the same shape
• 3.042 These must have been written on a midsummer’s eve
• 3.050 and with a knowledge of the road they must follow
• 4.040 and by that time they must have been right down
• 5.008 But you must remember it was not quite so tight for him
• 5.028 It must have a competition with us,
• 5.050 It must make haste,
• 5.066 It must give us three guesseses,
• 5.079 You must show me the way.’
• 5.082 But it must wait,
• 5.082 yes it must.
• 5.082 We must go
• 5.095 We must search for it,
• 5.097 It must tell first.’
• 5.109 yes he must have.
• 5.115 it must know a way out, yes.
• 5.118 we must go quick
• 5.125 We must wait here, precious,
• 5.128 He must get away,
• 5.128 He must fight.
• 5.128 He must stab the foul thing,
• 5.145 I must get to the door,
• 5.145 I must get to the door!’
• 6.003 that he must turn back –
• 6.026 and the goblins must have opened their new entrance
• 6.027 I must see if I can’t find
• 6.033 We must be getting on at once,
• 6.033 We must be miles on before dusk.
• 6.038 we must just tighten our belts
• 6.044 We must be quick!
• 6.046 Must we go any further?’ asked Bilbo,
• 7.005 the eagles must have seen the point they were making for,
• 7.012 We must go
• 7.018 You must all be very polite when I introduce you.
• 7.018 and you must be careful not to annoy him,
• 7.020 If you must know more,
• 7.095 that they must soon venture into that forest
• 7.105 you must not stray outside until the sun is up,
• 7.116 They must have looked very queer from outside,
• 7.117 There must have been a regular bears’ meeting
• 7.122 and who they thought must be sheltering them.
• 7.123 You must forgive my not taking your word.
• 7.126 That you MUST NOT do,
• 7.127 you must depend on your luck
• 7.127 At the gate of the forest I must ask you to send back my horse
• 7.135 Now you must send back these excellent ponies
• 7.149 You must either go through or give up your quest.
• 8.026 you must be with the last
• 8.028 they saw that it must have stuck
• 8.028 One of the others must keep hold of the hook
• 8.040 Somebody must climb a tree
• 8.041 the climber must get his head above the topmost leaves,
• 8.041 and so he must be light enough for the highest
• 8.052 Go on, if you must,’
• 8.059 and calling till they must have waked everything
• 8.069 Later when the night must have been getting old,
• 8.070 and many fires must have been lit suddenly
• 8.092 when he must do something.
• 8.098 but then you must remember that he had to make it up himself,
• 8.117 and you must keep together
• 8.129 and there we must leave them for the present,
• 9.012 but must go on miserably
• 9.025 It must be potent wine to make a wood-elf drowsy;
• 9.028 We must all keep together
• 9.028 All of us must escape or none,
• 9.063 so we must hurry on.
• 10.006 what must once have been
• 10.042 and his company must go on towards the Mountain.
• 10.044 You must claim your own.
• 11.011 all the halls within must be filled with his foul reek.’
• 11.013 must stand the secret door.
• 12.070 you must realize
• 12.078 Well, I really must not detain Your Magnificence any longer,’
• 12.102 even where he guessed the outlet must actually be.
• 13.002 I must feel the wind on my face soon or die.
• 13.021 But I suppose I must tell the dwarves about it –
• 13.061 We must move away from here,’
• 13.069 We must take our chance of that,’
• 14.001 you must go back again to the evening
• 15.009 You must have heard the ugly names
• 15.020 Your own wisdom must decide your course;
• 15.030 They must have come into the valley
• 16.041 Really I must be going,
• 17.037 in the end it must come to unhappy blows.’
• 17.064 in such a host as must have gathered
• 18.018 if it must end so;
• 18.019 I must leave it now.

“must, v.1.” OED Online, Oxford University Press, March 2021, http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/124229. Accessed 26 April 2021.

North-East

Wow!! North-East (whether or not the second element is capitalized) is common enough to fit into the most common ten-thousand, although the other ordinal directions do not!

• 10.002 Its nearest neighbours to the North-East
• 16.004 coming from the North-East.

Little

Here you go, Profrssor Dickieson! The OED notes on the history of the word are quite extensive! Little is to Germanic “lite” as Mickle or Michel (as in Delving) is to “much”.

• 1.002 and many little round doors opened out of it,
• 1.004 a little people,
• 1.004 There is little or no magic about them,
• 1.006 and I have only heard very little of all there is to hear,
• 1.012 and even a little cross.
• 1.028 A little stiff perhaps,
• 1.035 A little beer would suit me better,
• 1.043 as if some naughty little hobbit-boy was trying to pull the handle off.
• 1.046 The poor little hobbit sat down
• 1.051 A little red wine,
• 1.070 and brought back little fiddles;
• 1.071 from the little window that opened
• 1.086 What about a little light?’
• 1.091 may require a little brief explanation-‘
• 1.092 the poor little hobbit could be seen kneeling on the hearth-rug,
• 1.093 Excitable little fellow,’ said Gandalf,
• 1.095 As soon as I clapped eyes on the little fellow
• 1.096 As for little fellow bobbing on the mat
• 1.100 and let’s have a little light on this!’
• 1.110 He was only a little hobbit you must remember.
• 1.117 And here is our little Bilbo Baggins,
• 1.123 not even mend a little loose scale of their armour.
• 1.124 They looked very grim but they said very little.
• 1.142 and went to his own little bed very tired
• 2.002 Then he had a nice little breakfast
• 2.002 to a nice little second breakfast
• 2.026 (a little weather-stained)
• 2.035 and there was mighty little left for supper,
• 2.037 and anything was better than little supper,
• 2.049 and put his little hand
• 2.060 yer nassty little rabbit,” said he looking at the hobbit’s furry feet;
• 2.064 “Poor little blighter,” said William.
• 2.064 “Poor little blighter!
• 2.071 But his poor little feet had been very squashed
• 3.018 but he was a little frightened of them too.
• 3.024 “You are a little out of your way,” said the elf:
• 3.031 Yet there is little to tell about their stay.
• 4.002 and his little hobbit-hole.
• 4.005 or splintered into little bits with a bang.
• 4.014 that they had brought little Bilbo with them, after all.
• 4.023 (with poor little Bilbo at the back
• 4.024 of those excellent little ponies,
• 4.024 including a jolly sturdy little white fellow
• 4.024 with little Bilbo tugging at the end of the row.
• 4.046 bring a wretched little hobbit
• 5.004 his hand came on the hilt of his little sword –
• 5.004 the little dagger that he got from the trolls,
• 5.007 and trotted along with his little sword held
• 5.012 He had a little boat,
• 5.034 This’ll puzzle the nasty little underground creature,
• 5.054 Fish on a little table,
• 5.062 he gripped on his little sword;
• 5.064 in its nassty little pocketses?’
• 5.077 and held out his little sword.
• 5.080 Show the nassty little Baggins the way out, yes, yes.
• 5.088 and its nassty little sword will be useless,
• 5.089 in his wicked little mind,
• 5.106 and fell flat with his little sword under him.
• 5.110 He hurried a little,
• 5.145 and the poor little hobbit dodged this way and that,
• 6.003 out of the little high valley,
• 6.007 and not a bad little chap.
• 6.033 now we are a little rested,’
• 6.033 but it will give us a little light to steer by.’
• 6.041 (like the little hobbit)
• 6.070 there had been little rain for some time.
• 6.074 But, funny little birds, they had no wings!
• 6.074 O what shall we do with the funny little things?
• 6.075 Fly away little birds!
• 6.075 Come down little birds,
• 6.075 Sing, sing little birds!
• 6.076 Go away! little boys!’
• 6.076 Also naughty little boys that play with fire get punished.’
• 6.083 Poor little Bilbo
• 6.086 of quite a little cliff;
• 6.097 in a weak little voice that nobody heard.
• 6.100 in his own little hole at home.
• 7.003 It is a fair morning with little wind.
• 7.010 There was a little cave
• 7.012 and I need a little help myself.
• 7.014 and a little hungry.
• 7.038 And what’s this little fellow?’ he said,
• 7.048 and a little one at that,’ said Beorn.
• 7.093 and little short thick legs for Gandalf
• 7.095 and paid little heed to them.
• 7.106 For him there was a little mattress of straw
• 7.116 big ones, little ones;
• 7.116 little ones dodging through big ones
• 7.117 I should say there were little bears,
• 7.117 where we had our pleasant little party
• 7.120 still puzzling his little head about Beorn,
• 7.121 Little bunny is getting nice
• 7.126 and on a little of which they could march far.
• 8.001 Soon the light at the gate was like a little bright hole far behind,
• 8.002 they could see a little way to either side
• 8.005 from a little distance,
• 8.006 in the little flicker of the flames.
• 8.021 and with a piece of stick fended off the little black boat
• 8.053 who was a little way ahead,
• 8.074 till day came with some little light,
• 8.092 in what appeared to be a now dry little watercourse.
• 8.101 Here am I, naughty little fly;
• 8.102 Out came his little sword.
• 8.104 He had precious little time,
• 8.110 you nasty little creature!
• 8.112 His little sword was something new
• 8.114 and little use on their legs.
• 8.125 and it was from little Bilbo that they seemed to expect to get the answers.
• 9.007 but he got little more news out of them than out of Thorin.
• 9.010 but not to be allowed to pass the doors of their little prisons,
• 9.014 when he heard Bilbo’s little voice
• 9.027 but glad as he was to get out of his wearisome little stone room,
• 9.037 There was little time to lose.
• 9.042 He’s been having a little feast all to himself
• 9.054 poor little Bilbo caught hold of it
• 9.061 by a little jutting cape of hard rock.
• 9.063 and he actually dozed a little on some dry leaves,
• 10.003 and little used end
• 10.008 But men remembered little of all that,
• 10.009 into the little bay of Lake-town.
• 10.038 and Smaug chopped up into little pieces.
• 10.039 the dwarves’ good feeling towards the little hobbit
• 10.043 and a little frightened;
• 11.004 There was little grass,
• 11.014 and they turned into a little steep-walled bay,
• 11.016 and so at last without mishap they reached the little grassy bay.
• 11.020 but they used to call the little grassy space
• 11.021 Their spirits had risen a little
• 11.023 They seemed to love the little shut-in bay
• 11.032 The little moon was dipping to the horizon.
• 12.006 and they did not mind the poor little fellow doing it
• 12.008 but his little face was set
• 12.012 Through it peeps the hobbit’s little head.
• 12.017 while the little hobbit toiled back up the long tunnel.
• 12.020 Could there be a draught from that little hole?
• 12.021 in vain at the little hole,
• 12.032 and the little high-walled bay had kept out his fiercest flames.
• 12.041 Already they had come to respect little Bilbo.
• 12.101 till their little lofty camping ground,
• 13.001 Little they ate
• 13.001 and little they spoke.
• 13.013 perhaps we can make a little light,
• 13.018 They saw the little dark shape of the hobbit
• 13.019 Slowly it grew to a little globe of pallid light.
• 13.025 it seemed a thin little noise
• 13.042 a line of little lights
• 14.011 Still they had a little time.
• 14.016 where but a little time ago
• 14.037 He thought much but said little,
• 14.038 and there was little food
• 15.023 We have little time to lose.’
• 15.024 And little food to use!’
• 15.031 That night the dwarves slept little.
• 15.035 in Bilbo’s little hobbit-hole.
• 16.003 the beginnings of a plan had come into his little head.
• 16.017 was not easy for the little hobbit.
• 16.018 if it is that queer little creature that is said to be their servant.’
• 17.019 He will get little enough,
• 18.003 After a while as his head cleared a little,
• 18.017 and go where it is of little worth,
• 18.020 He was a kindly little soul.
• 18.021 was a little delayed,
• 18.035 that we should give you little.
• 18.048 some little return should be made for your, er, hospitality.
• 19.017 A little sleep does a great cure
• 19.047 but you are only quite a little fellow