Sword

A blessing for Armistice Day, dear friends around the world:

His sword he hung over the mantelpiece.

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Annotated Hobbit.  Revised and expanded edition annotated by Douglas A. Anderson. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston. Print. [19.039].

• 1.075 To hide in gems on hilt of sword.
• 1.083 and wear a sword instead of a walking-stick.
• 1.117 Swords
• 2.113 and among them were several swords
• 2.114 but it was as good as a short sword for the hobbit.
• 3.035 That day he looked at the swords they had brought
• 3.035 They are old swords,
• 3.035 very old swords of the High Elves of the West,
• 3.036 looking at his sword with new interest.
• 3.038 “I will keep this sword
• 4.025 and the bent swords that they use.
• 4.025 Hammers, axes, swords, daggers, pickaxes, tongs,
• 4.032 He held out the sword which Thorin had worn,
• 4.032 the sword which came from the Trolls’ lair.
• 4.033 They knew the sword at once.
• 4.037 Suddenly a sword flashed
• 4.037 before the sword shrieking into the darkness.
• 4.038 The sword went back into its sheath.
• 4.041 He took out his sword again,
• 4.041 This sword’s name was Glamdring the Foe-hammer,
• 4.042 handing his sword back to Thorin with a bow.
• 4.047 “Draw your sword Thorin!”
• 5.004 his hand came on the hilt of his little sword –
• 5.007 and trotted along with his little sword held
• 5.009 as he knew by the glimmer of his sword,
• 5.010 The sword was hardly shining at all.
• 5.020 looking at the sword,
• 5.021 A sword,
• 5.022 and until he found out more about the sword
• 5.062 he gripped on his little sword;
• 5.077 and held out his little sword.
• 5.078 He could see the sword
• 5.088 and its nassty little sword will be useless,
• 5.103 that no sword had any more terror for him.
• 5.106 and fell flat with his little sword under him.
• 5.107 or wave his sword,
• 5.108 and sheathed his sword,
• 5.128 Gollum had no sword.
• 5.136 with drawn swords sitting just inside the door,
• 5.138 and forgetting even to draw his sword
• 5.143 swords rattled,
• 8.075 until he remembered his sword
• 8.075 and stuck it with his sword right
• 8.076 as he wiped his sword on the grass
• 8.102 Out came his little sword.
• 8.103 The spiders saw the sword,
• 8.112 His little sword was something new
• 10.025 and the great sword Orcrist too.
• 10.025 Bilbo had his short sword,
• 12.014 could dimly be seen coats of mail, helms and axes, swords and spears hanging;
• 12.020 in size but provided with a bitter sword
• 12.072 my teeth are swords,
• 15.037 The sword is sharp, the spear is long,
• 17.003 At the beginning of the narrow way they laid aside sword
• 17.031 but each of them had also a short broad sword at his side
• 17.050 Their spears and swords shone
• 17.051 and beside them came the men of the Lake with long swords.
• 18.032 the elvish sword that had been taken from Thorin
• 19.002 Though sword shall be rusted,
• 19.032 Eyes that fire and sword have seen
• 19.039 His sword he hung over the mantelpiece.

Hide

Nowhere does this word mean “the skin of an animal”.

• 1.075 To hide in gems on hilt of sword.
• 1.084 and go and hide behind the beer-barrels
• 1.105 That marks a hidden passage to the Lower Halls.’
• 1.111 in what way this one has been hidden
• 1.124 sat and wept in hiding,
• 2.078 “They’re hiding
• 2.110 dug somewhere near to hide from the sun in?
• 2.111 until hidden by bushes they came on
• 3.006 Hidden somewhere ahead of us
• 3.008 for they saw now that the house might be hidden
• 5.008 and hide easily,
• 5.040 Yet golden treasure inside is hid,
• 5.087 and now usually he hid it
• 6.052 He was quite hidden
• 7.064 where were you hiding?
• 7.107 and hid his head,
• 8.029 in case any hidden guardian of the boat appeared.
• 8.062 No one is to stir from hiding till I say.
• 9.011 in hiding,
• 9.019 Hiding behind one of the largest barrels
• 9.059 and there for a while they stuck against some hidden root.
• 9.063 and wherever he tried to hide
• 10.025 hidden as usual,
• 11.006 the western spurs of the Mountain for the hidden door,
• 11.008 until lying hidden behind a rock they could look out
• 11.019 the door was hidden.
• 12.029 and scorched them as they lay hid.
• 13.067 here we can now lie hid
• 15.009 to hide
• 16.018 Hide your lights!
• 16.046 and hid it,
• 17.036 and spearmen now hidden
• 18.021 could not be altogether hid.
• 18.051 and hidden in the deepest holes they could find;
• 19.025 still hidden

Catch

For those of you just catching up with the blog, welcome. We are working our way through “Far Over the Misty Mountains Cold”, making sure that every word is in our concordance except the very crazily most common. When I’m not sure where that line is, I take inspiration from Richard Blackwelder, whose A Tolkien Thesaurus contains every noun, verb, adjective, and adverb of The Lord of the Rings.

Friends, I notice that this word is almost missing in the war chapters. Mayhap my next project will include decoding that section. Well, after the Chapter 8 project. and the others.

• 1.032 he said when he caught sight of Dwalin’s green hood hanging up.
• 1.075 They shaped and wrought, and light they caught
• 2.035 He got into the river before they could catch him;
• 2.066 “I caught him anyway.”
• 2.077 and he was not caught unawares.
• 2.079 He caught up a big branch
• 2.079 He caught hold of Tom’s leg –
• 2.113 Two caught their eyes particularly,
• 3.018 Soon Bilbo caught glimpses of them
• 4.005 and catching them,
• 4.025 and anyway goblins don’t care who they catch,
• 5.003 the goblins had not caught him;
• 5.087 and caught a small goblin-imp.
• 5.116 The goblinses will catch it then.
• 5.117 and catch us,
• 5.144 or caught by feel.
• 6.026 so that they often caught people benighted near their gates.
• 6.041 Some caught hold of the trunks
• 6.050 and do not need to see you to catch you!
• 6.051 Escaping goblins to be caught by wolves!’ he said,
• 6.064 and immediately his shaggy coat caught fire,
• 6.070 The wolves that had caught fire
• 6.079 The bark caught fire,
• 6.083 He just managed to catch hold of Dori’s legs,
• 7.118 We shall all be caught
• 7.122 he had caught a Warg
• 7.131 and they will have the longer ride to catch you.
• 8.002 in not being caught
• 8.003 he could catch glimpses of them whisking off the path
• 8.017 they had used for catching their packs
• 8.020 let’s hope the hook will catch.’
• 8.021 caught the rope,
• 8.031 His hand caught it,
• 8.041 and caught himself just
• 8.089 only catching itself with its own thread just
• 8.097 You’ll never catch me up your tree!
• 8.099 Very soon the hobbit would be caught
• 8.111 The spiders had caught them pretty easily the night before,
• 8.120 Hoping desperately that Bilbo had not been caught
• 8.130 Thorin had been caught much faster than they had.
• 8.130 their cries as the spiders caught them
• 9.003 to catch them up
• 9.011 More than once he was nearly caught
• 9.035 until they were caught again.
• 9.054 poor little Bilbo caught hold of it
• 9.062 Also he had caught a glimpse of a fire through the trees,
• 9.068 and quicker as they caught the main stream
• 11.021 in which he sometimes thought he could catch glimpses
• 11.029 as if the light caught the last pale leaves.
• 11.030 It had caught a snail
• 12.020 he had caught the dim echoes of a knocking sound
• 12.022 till he had caught the thief
• 12.041 and less hopeful of catching this one napping.
• 12.044 when he caught a sudden thin
• 12.060 and I shall catch
• 12.067 Had you never thought of the catch?
• 12.076 that the hobbit had already caught a glimpse
• 12.078 Ponies take some catching,
• 12.090 that catching a dragon napping
• 12.102 of catching unawares something
• 13.010 if you can catch me!’
• 13.018 they caught a glint
• 13.019 and he caught his breath.
• 13.023 and caught a glimpse of great passages
• 13.027 though the only word they could catch was ‘help!’
• 13.032 which they had caught as they went along
• 15.033 and they caught faintly the fragrance of woodland flowers
• 19.044 but being of the kind that easily catches such disease

Light

I hope that this word in particular will be of use to Tolkien scholars…

• 1.068 and in the dim light it made him look strange
• 1.075 They shaped and wrought, and light they caught
• 1.076 They meshed the light of moon and sun.
• 1.079 The trees like torches blazed with light.
• 1.083 probably somebody lighting a wood-fire –
• 1.086 What about a little light?’
• 1.092 Gandalf struck a blue light on the end of his magic staff,
• 1.100 “and let’s have a little light on this!’
• 1.101 in the light of a big lamp with a red shade
• 2.002 lit fires,
• 2.036 and Gloin went on trying to light the fire,
• 2.036 “There’s a light over there!”
• 2.036 they could now see a light shining,
• 2.036 a reddish comfortable-looking light,
• 2.039 in the direction of the light.
• 2.040 Suddenly the red light shone out very bright
• 2.041 all about that light,
• 2.042 As for Bilbo walking primly towards the red light,
• 2.072 towards the light as quietly as they could.
• 2.072 No sooner did Tom see Balin come into the light
• 2.074 “and we’d best get out of the light.”
• 2.106 the light came over the hill,
• 2.107 until the light came
• 3.010 and the light became very dim,
• 3.011 and there was a light on the valley-side across the water.
• 3.034 and provisions light to carry
• 3.040 and the white light shone through it.
• 3.044 with the last light of Durin’s Day
• 4.004 and sudden light.
• 4.012 He lit up his wand
• 4.012 and by its light they explored the cave from end to end.
• 4.013 Oin and Gloin wanted to light a fire at the door
• 4.018 of a red light before them.
• 4.023 It was lit by a great red fire
• 4.025 and light.
• 4.034 and never let them see the light again!”
• 4.035 Just at that moment all the lights
• 4.037 in its own light.
• 4.038 A pale light was leading them on.
• 4.041 Then Gandalf lit up his wand.
• 4.050 give out a faint light to help the dwarves
• 5.087 He might even venture into places where the torches were lit
• 5.101 to his alarm Bilbo now saw two small points of light peering at him.
• 5.101 the light of his eyes burned with a pale flame.
• 5.103 But now the light
• 5.108 Bilbo could see the light of his eyes palely shining
• 5.128 without light or hope of betterment,
• 5.134 a glimpse of light.
• 5.134 Not red light,
• 5.134 but a pale out-of-doors sort of light.
• 5.135 where the light,
• 6.030 and lights
• 6.033 but it will give us a little light to steer by.’
• 6.044 Look at the light!’
• 6.045 they could still see the evening lights on the plains beyond.
• 6.077 To light the night for our delight,
• 6.078 and light the night for our delight,
• 6.085 Soon the light of the burning was faint below,
• 6.086 and there with the light of the moon on a hill-side rock or a stream
• 7.045 lit only by the fire
• 7.045 and filled with the light of the westering sun which slanted into it,
• 7.092 which they lit at the fire
• 7.094 The light of the torches
• 7.096 in the light of the dancing flames
• 7.103 and stars were fanned to leaping light.
• 7.133 As the light faded Bilbo thought he saw
• 7.134 As soon as it was light they could see the forest coming as it were to meet them,
• 7.154 and turned from the light
• 8.001 Soon the light at the gate was like a little bright hole far behind,
• 8.004 and lived at times for long whiles without the light of the sun;
• 8.006 they tried lighting watch-fires at night,
• 8.015 in this light;
• 8.036 If these had not become all too light
• 8.037 There was a greenish light about them,
• 8.037 Yet the light only showed them
• 8.041 and so he must be light enough for the highest
• 8.042 Bilbo’s eyes were nearly blinded by the light.
• 8.048 only lit with torches on the trees
• 8.053 I thought I saw a twinkle of light
• 8.054 The light was
• 8.055 He wanted to rush straight off into the wood after the lights.
• 8.057 to creep near the lights
• 8.059 than all the lights went out as if by magic.
• 8.061 The lights are coming out again over there,
• 8.062 not far away were scores of twinkling lights,
• 8.063 When they got to the edge of the circle of lights
• 8.063 Out went all the lights again
• 8.069 But that was not the last of the lights
• 8.070 There’s a regular blaze of light
• 8.070 and many fires must have been lit suddenly
• 8.072 Out went all light.
• 8.074 till day came with some little light,
• 8.076 There was the usual dim grey light
• 8.124 At any rate here the light was greener,
• 8.125 But after a time the light began to fail,
• 8.130 as he stepped into a circle of light?
• 8.130 and as the lights went out he fell like a stone enchanted.
• 9.001 when suddenly out sprang the light
• 9.005 Inside the passages were lit
• 9.039 and the flicker of lights.
• 9.055 and floated light as a cork.
• 9.060 Luckily he was very light,
• 10.028 From one great hall shone many lights
• 10.028 in the light
• 11.029 as if the light caught the last pale leaves.
• 11.032 A gleam of light came straight through the opening
• 12.011 It was a red light steadily getting redder
• 12.013 in the ruddy light.
• 12.028 A red light touched the points of standing rocks.
• 12.042 The light from the door,
• 12.072 and the light of his eyes lit the hall
• 12.072 and the light of his eyes lit the hall
• 13.009 There was not a gleam of light –
• 13.010 Give me a light,
• 13.013 perhaps we can make a little light,
• 13.014 Light!’
• 13.014 Can anybody make a light?’
• 13.016 and screamed out ‘light!’
• 13.017 to light the others or to come
• 13.017 If he liked to risk a light,
• 13.018 start across the floor holding his tiny light aloft.
• 13.018 The light grew smaller
• 13.019 Slowly it grew to a little globe of pallid light.
• 13.019 from the wavering light of his torch.
• 13.019 of its own inner light,
• 13.019 it took all light that fell upon it
• 13.023 but it almost puffed out his light.
• 13.026 The light’s gone out!
• 13.029 get another light or two!’
• 13.031 Gloin lit several more torches,
• 13.031 as soon as he saw the twinkle of their lights.
• 13.033 Each now gripped a lighted torch;
• 13.033 in the light,
• 13.037 A light helm of figured leather,
• 13.042 a line of little lights
• 13.044 Before them light came dimly through great doors,
• 13.046 and the grey light grew suddenly more full.
• 13.048 before them stood the broad light of day.
• 13.048 A misty sun sent its pale light
• 14.002 in the light of morning.
• 14.004 The lights again!
• 14.008 Then suddenly a great light appeared
• 14.014 in the air above them lighting all the lake;
• 14.028 and a fierce light was
• 15.029 there were many lights as of fires
• 15.039 The light of stars, on crowns they hung
• 16.018 Hide your lights!
• 16.020 Let’s have a light!’
• 17.008 The light leapt from his hand,
• 17.040 and lightning lit its peak.
• 17.040 so dense that no light could be seen between their wings.
• 17.046 and whirled above them shutting out the light
• 17.055 and red light leapt from their eyes.
• 18.012 and picked him lightly up.
• 18.027 and departed with the first light of morning.

Shape

The history and etymology of this word are a gorgeous half-cup-of-coffee exploration. OED tells me that the past participle “shapen” is archaic, entirely replaced by “shaped”… yet I know I have seen “shapen” and heard it and said it plenty in my own experience.

• 1.075 They shaped and wrought, and light they caught
• 2.043 and the shape of their legs,
• 2.073 That’s about the shape of it!”
• 2.113 of various makes, shapes, and sizes.
• 3.042 it must be a moon of the same shape
• 7.107 in enchanted shape,
• 7.116 changing them into all sorts of different shapes
• 7.122 in bear’s shape at any rate.
• 8.029 Out of the gloom came suddenly the shape of a flying deer.
• 8.133 for the elf-king had bargained with them to shape his raw gold
• 12.012 and shape
• 13.018 They saw the little dark shape of the hobbit
• 13.023 when a black shape swooped at him,
• 17.062 dark shapes small yet majestic against the distant glow.
• 18.022 and in bear’s shape;
• 18.043 in man’s shape,
• 18.051 the men of his line had the power of taking bear’s shape,
• 19.028 where the shapes of the land

Lord

Provider of the loaf.

• 1.075 For ancient king and elvish lord
• 4.041 in the killing of the great lord of the cave.
• 6.066 said the Lord of the Eagles.
• 6.067 The Lord of the Eagles of the Misty Mountains had eyes
• 6.069 Tonight the Lord of the Eagles
• 6.081 the Lord of the Eagles swept down from above,
• 6.082 Loud cried the Lord of the Eagles,
• 6.092 The Lord of the Eagles bids you
• 6.093 The Lord of the Eagles also was there
• 6.094 and healed their lord from an arrow-wound.
• 6.095 The Lord of the Eagles would not take them
• 6.098 said the Lord of the Eagles.
• 7.002 and promising to repay the Lord of the Eagles if ever they could,
• 7.009 And though the Lord of the Eagles became
• 10.008 and the fall of the lords of Dale.
• 10.035 The lord of silver fountains
• 12.072 Girion Lord of Dale is dead,
• 12.075 the equal of Lord Smaug the Impenetrable.
• 12.096 Lord of Dale,
• 14.018 Lord of Dale,
• 14.031 Girion was lord of Dale,
• 14.042 for he was the lord of a good
• 18.023 about their lords upon a low rounded hill.

King

The history of the word is crazily beautiful, it seems to come from Slavonic and Finnic roots, and from the same source as “kin.” “Leader of a kinship band” may be the closest we’ll get to the sense of its first uses.

• 1.075 For ancient king and elvish lord
• 1.094 and knocked their king Golfimbul’s head
• 1.122 and my grandfather was King under the Mountain again,
• 1.122 Kings used to send for our smiths,
• 2.038 They have seldom even heard of the king round here,
• 3.033 as venerable as a king of dwarves,
• 3.035 Foe-hammer that the king of Gondolin once wore.
• 4.004 and valleys where no king ruled.
• 5.055 Slays king, ruins town,
• 7.009 in after days the King of All Birds
• 8.048 A woodland king was there with a crown of leaves,
• 8.071 sat a woodland king with a crown of leaves upon his golden hair,
• 8.132 there lived at this time their greatest king.
• 8.132 In fact the subjects of the king mostly lived
• 8.132 The king’s cave was his palace,
• 8.134 The king looked sternly on Thorin,
• 8.135 at their merrymaking?’ asked the king.
• 8.141 asked the king angrily.
• 8.143 said the king.
• 8.145 There in the king’s dungeon poor Thorin lay;
• 9.003 The king had ordered them to make haste.
• 9.003 to the king’s doors.
• 9.004 before the great gates of the king
• 9.008 O king?’ said Balin,
• 9.009 made the king angrier than ever,
• 9.011 sometimes with the king at their head,
• 9.014 of telling the king
• 9.015 to the king,
• 9.015 with promises to the king of a share
• 9.018 These opened upwards into the king’s cellars.
• 9.018 and especially their king,
• 9.019 listening to the talk of the king’s servants,
• 9.022 Then Bilbo heard the king’s butler
• 9.024 and see if it is fit for the king’s table.
• 9.025 but for the king’s feasts only,
• 9.028 goodness knows where the king will put you next,
• 9.029 Nearly all the king’s folk were merrymaking.
• 9.037 to the king’s palace.
• 9.048 if the king’s full buttertubs
• 9.061 in haste from the king’s great doors.
• 9.069 They had escaped the dungeons of the king
• 10.003 and the river was guarded by the Wood-elves’ king.
• 10.007 in the king’s cellars.
• 10.020 son of Thror King under the Mountain!’
• 10.029 son of Thror King under the Mountain!
• 10.031 These are prisoners of our king
• 10.032 than the return of the King under the Mountain,
• 10.033 not to the raft-men of the king.’
• 10.034 of the King under the Mountain;
• 10.035 The King beneath the mountains,
• 10.035 The King of carven stone,
• 10.036 and they began to think their king might have made a serious mistake.
• 10.040 in the king’s palace.
• 10.040 In any case the king knew now the dwarves’ errand,
• 10.043 of the old kings.
• 10.043 was really the grandson of the King under the Mountain,
• 12.072 The King under the Mountain is dead
• 12.096 of the great King Bladorthin
• 12.103 who is the real King under the Mountain!’
• 14.005 Perhaps the King under the Mountain
• 14.006 Which king?’
• 14.006 the only king under the Mountain we have ever known.’
• 14.008 The King beneath the Mountain!’
• 14.022 of the true king under the Mountain,
• 14.027 we would make him a king.
• 14.030 King Bard!
• 14.030 King Bard!’
• 14.031 not king of Esgaroth,’
• 14.031 Let ‘King Bard’ go back to his own kingdom –
• 14.032 We will have King Bard!’
• 14.034 of a new king,
• 14.039 to ask the aid of the King of the Elves of the Wood,
• 14.041 said the king.
• 14.042 But the king,
• 15.014 but we remember still the king that was of old.
• 15.032 King under the Mountain,
• 15.036 The King has come unto his hall!
• 15.040 The king of friend and kin has need.
• 15.041 Here at the Gates the king awaits,
• 15.042 The king is come unto his hall
• 15.045 King under the Mountain?’
• 15.056 calling himself the King under the Mountain,
• 16.022 I know your king well by sight,
• 16.030 asked the king.
• 16.042 and as he went both the king
• 17.024 as King under the Mountain,’ said Gandalf.
• 17.054 and the elf-lords were at bay about their king
• 17.055 Out leapt the King under the Mountain,
• 18.018 Farewell, King under the Mountain!’
• 18.032 and he became King under the Mountain,
• 18.034 greater than that of many mortal kings.
• 18.043 even though the king bade them stay a while
• 18.045 said the king.
• 18.047 said the king.
• 18.049 said the king gravely.

“king, n.” OED Online, Oxford University Press, September 2019, http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/103510. Accessed 30 October 2019.