What is the relationship between this word and Elf-king, I wonder?

2016.02.04 I answer myself: both words refer to the King of the Mirkwood Elves (Thranduil, except possibly the very first reference  in chapter 8).  “Elvenking” is used exclusively in Chapter 9 and onward; “Elf-king” is used only in Chapter 8.

  • 09.005 sat the Elvenking on a chair of carven wood.
  • 09.011 about the Elvenking’s palace.
  • 10.033 by the Elvenking
  • 10.034 The Elvenking was very powerful
  • 14.040 The Elvenking had received news
  • 14.040 Even before the Elvenking rode forth
  • 14.042 in return for the Elvenking’s aid.
  • 14.044 and the most of the Elvenking’s array,
  • 15.027 that the Elvenking had turned aside to the Lake,
  • 15.044 They bore with them the green banner of the Elvenking
  • 15.053 Nor at all with the people of the Elvenking,
  • 15.054 The Elvenking is my friend,
  • 16.025 both the Elvenking
  • 16.036 The Elvenking himself,
  • 16.040 The Elvenking looked at Bilbo with a new wonder.
  • 17.003 and the Elvenking,
  • 17.037 But the Elvenking said:
  • 17.045 in council with the Elvenking
  • 17.060 he preferred on the whole to defend the Elvenking.
  • 18.032 Upon his tomb the Elvenking then laid Orcrist,
  • 18.034 To the Elvenking he gave the emeralds of Girion,
  • 18.043 Gandalf and Bilbo rode behind the Elvenking,
  • 18.044 Farewell! O Elvenking!’

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